18 Attention-grabbing And Enjoyable Information About Peru

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Able to study some enjoyable and fascinating details about Peru? Whether or not you’re planning a visit to Peru otherwise you’re simply having fun with some armchair touring, put together to be awed by these wonderful Peru details.

Peru is a rustic steeped in historical past, wealthy in tradition, and endowed with an extremely various geography. Nestled within the western a part of South America, it’s a treasure trove of historical civilizations, tantalizing delicacies, and awe-inspiring pure wonders.

Attention-grabbing Information About Peru

Do you know there’s a canyon that’s over 10,000 ft deep (twice the depth of Arizona’s Grand Canyon)? Do you know there’s a mass grave of 400 rectangular skulls that some individuals imagine are historical aliens? Do you know you possibly can go boarding down sand dunes which might be over 1,000 ft excessive? Not solely are these locations actual, however they’re all positioned in Peru. This gem in South America is among the most biodiverse and culturally fascinating locations on the planet.

1. The Thriller of the Nazca Traces

Facts About Peru the Nazca Lines

Is it historical spiritual art work? A constellation chart to trace the celebrities? Or a long-lost alien touchdown strip? The Nazca Traces stay one of many world’s biggest mysteries.

Archaeologists now know the way the Nazca individuals made these well-known geoglyphs, however nobody has but found out why. Situated on a coastal plain 250 miles south of Lima, that is one website you merely must see to imagine.

What makes the Nazca Traces so fascinating is their scale and precision. There are over 800 straight strains that stretch throughout the plain, a few of that are over 30 miles in size. There are additionally 300 geometric patterns together with triangles, zig-zags, spirals, and arrows. Lastly, there are over 70 depictions of crops and animals, a few of that are over 1,200 ft lengthy.

They have been believed to be created between 500 BCE and 500 CE and researchers have been learning them for many years, however they’re no nearer to a solution for what they’re (or why there have been constructed) than once they began. The aim behind these strains stays a thriller. Whereas some researchers imagine that they may have had astronomical significance, others suppose that they may very well be associated to water, fertility, or spiritual rituals. Guide an aerial tour of the Nazca Traces throughout your journey to Peru and provide you with your individual concept!

2. Coca Leaves Are Nice for Your Well being

Intersting Facts Peru Cocoa Leaves

Peru’s native coca plant usually will get a foul rep as a result of it may be used to make cocaine. Nevertheless, in its pure, non-concentrated type, it presents customers a bunch of well being advantages. When trekking excessive within the Andes Mountains, coco leaves can assist calm altitude illness. We drank coco tea once we first landed in Cusco to acclimate to the altitude and it actually did assist to alleviate our complications.

The leaves of the coca plant are stuffed with Vitamin B, Vitamin C, and iron. Locals use it to alleviate ache and starvation, whereas guests can expertise aid from altitude illness. Previously, Incans used the plant in spiritual rituals and even buried coca leaves with the useless.

Coca-leaf tea is protected to drink and extensively obtainable throughout the nation. It’s also possible to do because the locals do and easily chew on the leaves to get pleasure from the advantages.

3. Peru Gave Us Potatoes & Tomatoes

Facts about Peru Potatoes

It’s exhausting to think about a world with out tomatoes and potatoes, however these native species have been unknown outdoors of South American international locations till the 1500s.

Peru is residence to over 3,000 kinds of potatoes in an array of sizes, colours, and textures. In actual fact, it’s such an integral a part of the Peruvian food regimen that proud locals usually say, “Soy mas Peruano que la papa” (I’m extra Peruvian than the potato). 

Whereas potatoes instantly grew to become widespread all through the remainder of the world, tomatoes have been truly feared for hundreds of years. Europeans mistakenly believed this native Peruvian fruit was toxic. It wasn’t till pizza was invented in Naples, Italy, within the Eighteen Eighties that tomatoes grew to become a trusted and beloved meals merchandise.

The wild tomatoes that develop all through the area are smaller than what you discover at your native grocery retailer. Curiously, although, this plant is the wild ancestor of each kind of tomato we eat at the moment.

4. Peru’s Geography Is Astoundingly Various

Fun acts about Peru Sacred Valley

Peru is a geographical wonderland. From the arid plains of the Pacific coastal area to the peaks of the Andes mountains, and down into the luxurious Amazon rainforest, the range is staggering. With so many alternative landscapes Peru is among the most bio various international locations on the planet.

The Peruvian Andes mountain vary, one of the distinguished options of Peru’s geography, is the longest mountain vary on the planet. The highlands are residence to a wealthy tapestry of cultures and historic websites, together with Machu Picchu. The Amazon basin which covers almost 60% of Peru, is among the most ecologically wealthy areas on the planet, with an nearly unfathomable number of plant and animal life.

5. The Atacama Desert

Facts About Peru Atacama Desert

Neglect the Sahara Desert. The driest place on earth is the Atacama Desert of Peru and Chile, the place it’s unattainable for something to develop. In actual fact, the one factor that lives there’s a microscopic organism that will get moisture from minerals as an alternative of water.

Simply how dry is the Atacama? Some elements of it have obtained lower than an inch of rain previously 30 years!
These situations and otherworldly landscapes of the Atacama have led it to be in comparison with Mars, and it has even been used as a testing website for Mars rovers.

Within the Peruvian portion of the Atacama, the desert stretches alongside the coast and contains a panorama dotted with rocky formations, sand dunes, and small oases. The distinctive local weather situations have additionally contributed to the preservation of historical geoglyphs, just like the Nazca Traces, and mummies that present perception into the area’s historical civilizations.

6. Cotahuasi Canyon

Fun Facts About Peru Cotahuasi Canyon

Do not forget that deep canyon we talked about on the outset? You’ll discover it in a distant area of southern Peru, over 12 hours by bus from the closest metropolis of Arequipa.

Cotahuasi Canyon is the deepest canyon within the Americas and one of many deepest canyons on the planet which makes it a testomony to Peru’s breathtaking pure magnificence. Situated within the southern a part of the nation, it reaches a depth of three,535 meters, making it nearly twice as deep because the Grand Canyon in america.

It’s usually overshadowed by Colca Canyon however in case you love journey like we do then you’ll undoubtedly need to go to Cotahuasi Canyon for trekking, white-water rafting, and the chance to discover historical ruins. The canyon can be residence to various wildlife, together with large hummingbirds and the Andean condor, one of many largest flying birds on the planet.

7. The Amazon Rainforest

Facts about Peru Amazon Rainforest

An fascinating reality about Peru is that two-thirds of the nation is roofed in thick, lush, tropical rainforests. Peru can be residence to the 5 rivers and tributaries that function the headwaters for the mighty Amazon River. Though nearly all of the Amazon rainforest lies in Brazil, the gateway to the Amazon lies within the coronary heart of Peru.

Greater than half of the world’s species of crops, animals, and birds reside on this spectacular rainforest. It additionally produces 6% of the world’s oxygen. You’ll be able to study all these details about Peru (and far more) once you take an Amazon River cruise from Iquitos.

8. Lake Titicaca

Facts about Peru Lake titicaca

Straddling the border of Bolivia and Peru, Lake Titicaca holds the glory of the world’s highest lake. It sits at a dizzying 12,507 ft above sea stage and covers an space 120 miles lengthy and 50 miles broad.

Lake Titicaca, located within the Peruvian Andes between Peru and Bolivia, holds the title of the best navigable lake on the planet. It’s also South America’s largest lake by quantity of water. With a floor elevation of 12,507 ft, it gives breathtaking views of the encircling snow-capped mountains.

The lake is steeped in historical past and legend. It’s believed to be the birthplace of the Incas, and quite a few historical ruins encompass its shores. The floating islands of the Uros persons are one of many lake’s most well-known points of interest. These islands are made fully of reeds and are constantly maintained by their inhabitants. Additionally, Within the Seventies, researchers found a complete metropolis hidden beneath the waters of the lake. The thriller continues.

9. Rainbow Mountain

Facts About Peru Rainbow Mountain

Vinicunca, extra generally generally known as Rainbow Mountain, is one in every of Peru’s pure wonders. Situated within the Andes, this mountain is legendary for its strikingly colourful layers, that are a results of sedimentary mineral layers being uncovered by erosion. Nearly undiscovered till 2015, Rainbow Mountain shortly grew to become well-known for its jaw-dropping and Instagram-worthy magnificence. Layers of clay and sedimentary rock rework the in any other case bleak panorama right into a literal rainbow of colour.

You’ll be able to learn all about what it’s wish to trek to Rainbow Mountain in our complete information to Mountaineering Rainbow Mountain.

An expedition to this pure marvel isn’t for the faint of coronary heart, although. At over 17,000 ft above sea stage, it’s sure to be one of many highest altitudes you’ve ever trekked. Be sure you’re well-adjusted to the elevation earlier than you join a tour!

10. Cerro Blanco Sand Dune

Facts About Peru Cerro Blanco Sand Dune

How would you want to go to the world’s tallest sand dune? Cerro Blanco holds the title of the best sand dune on the planet, standing at an astounding peak of over 3,800 ft. To place that in perspective, that’s taller than the best mountain in England!

Situated close to the well-known Nazca Traces, this sand dune is the premier vacation spot for sandboarding, dune buggies, and different outside adventures. The dune is located inside a desert valley surrounded by rugged mountains, creating a novel microclimate. The hike to the highest of Cerro Blanco is rigorous, however once you attain the summit you’re rewarded with panoramic views of the desert panorama and an exhilarating descent on a sandboard.

11. Machu Picchu Is a Marvel of the World

Fun Peru Facts Machu Picchu

You’ll be able to’t hear the phrase “Peru” with out conjuring a psychological picture of the misplaced metropolis of Macchu Picchu. A hike alongside the Inca Path to this man-made marvel is a should for anybody who visits Peru. Comply with the footsteps of the mighty Inca Empire via the Sacred Valley to the town within the sky.

Situated excessive within the mountains outdoors Cusco, Macchu Picchu was misplaced to the skin world till 1911. Archaeologists imagine the traditional metropolis was constructed on the peak of the Inca Empire throughout the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Their finest guess is that it served as a royal property for Incan nobles, however nobody is aware of for certain why it was constructed.

The once-lost metropolis spans 5 miles and consists of 150 buildings and three,000 stone steps. It’s little marvel (pun supposed) that it was designated one of many New Seven Wonders of the World again in 2007. Learn: How one can Plan a Journey to Machu Picchu

12. The Quechua Folks Have Attention-grabbing Marriage Customs

Facts About Peru Quechua people

The native Quechua persons are identified for his or her heat smiles and colourful patterned clothes. However there’s much more to this lovely tradition than first meets the attention.

For instance, you possibly can simply inform the marital standing of any Quechua girl you meet. How? Simple: Single ladies put on knitted caps, whereas married ladies put on straw hats.

Much more fascinating, the Quechua apply “trial marriage,” a customized relationship again 1000’s of years. Women and men are free to decide on their companions, finish the connection, and remarry at any time. Any kids born within the interim are considered as belonging to the neighborhood, not a selected couple.

13. The Weird Elongated Skulls of Paracas

Let’s end our dialogue of enjoyable details about Peru by returning to the mass grave talked about on the outset.

The Paracas Peninsula on Peru’s southern coast is understood for the invention of the Paracas Skulls. These elongated skulls belong to the traditional Paracas tradition, which existed roughly 2,000 years in the past. When archaeologists first uncovered the unusual cone-shaped skulls within the Paracas area, rumors shortly unfold that they have been as soon as aliens. Though it’s an enchanting concept, science has confirmed that the skulls are human in origin.

The weird form is because of the historical apply of head binding. In the course of the first few years of a child’s life, mother and father would wrap the pinnacle in particular methods to change the form of the rising bones. This will have been finished as a ceremony of passage or to tell apart completely different courses in society.

Whereas elongated skulls have been discovered in several elements of the world, the Paracas skulls are distinctive due to their huge measurement and variation in form. Some theories recommend that cranial deformation was carried out to indicate social standing, whereas others have proposed extra enigmatic origins.

14. Guinea Pigs usually are not Pets in Peru

Facts about Peru Guinea Pigs

In lots of elements of the world, guinea pigs are stored as lovable pets, however in Peru, they’ve a unique standing. One of many strangest meals we encountered in Peru was the deep-fried guinea pigs. Peruvian delicacies is sort of various with a mix of seafood, and meats with corn and potatoes being its base. However a delicacy in Peru is Cuy, aka roasted guinea pig. They don’t take a look at these furry critters as pets, no, these are meals.

Cuy is normally served complete, usually baked or barbecued, and is widely known for its high-protein and low-fat content material. It’s also a central a part of varied Andean festivals and rituals. Whereas it could be a cultural shock for some (us included), making an attempt cuy is taken into account a should for experiencing genuine Peruvian delicacies.

15. Conventional Peruvian Poncho

Facts About Peru Traditional Peruvian Poncho

The standard Peruvian poncho is a garment deeply rooted within the historical past and tradition of the Andean area. Wealthy in symbolism and crafted with unparalleled talent, Peruvian ponchos usually are not solely purposeful but additionally function a mirrored image of the wearer’s id and heritage.

Initially, ponchos have been comprised of a single piece of material with a slit within the middle for the pinnacle. This primary design offered heat and safety towards the cruel climate of the Andes. Nevertheless, the poncho advanced right into a canvas for creative expression and cultural illustration. The patterns and colours in a conventional Peruvian poncho are sometimes particular to a sure neighborhood or area, permitting people to convey their origin and ancestry via their apparel.

The weaving of a poncho is an intricate and time-consuming course of, usually taking a number of weeks and even months to finish. Alpaca and llama wool are the most typical supplies used, identified for his or her sturdiness, heat, and softness. The pure dyes used within the poncho’s design are sometimes derived from crops, minerals, and bugs, lending to a spread of vibrant colours.

16. There are Three Official Languages in Peru

Some of the fascinating and enjoyable details about Peru is that there are three completely different languages spoken within the nation. Whereas Spanish is essentially the most extensively spoken language in Peru, the nation acknowledges three official languages: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. Quechua was the first language of the Inca Empire and continues to be spoken by the Quechua individuals within the Andean highlands.

Aymara can be an indigenous language spoken round Lake Titicaca and in some Andean areas. The popularity of those languages will not be solely necessary for communication but additionally performs a big position in preserving the wealthy cultural heritage and variety of Peru.

17. The Capital Metropolis of Peru is Lima

Facts About Peru Lima

Lima, the capital of Peru, is usually the entry level for a lot of guests and serves as a gateway to the nation’s many points of interest. Based by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1535, Lima is a melting pot of cultures, with a wealthy colonial historical past and vibrant fashionable tradition. Downtown Lima is residence to numerous historic websites, together with colonial church buildings, palaces, and the well-known Plaza Mayor.

Town can be celebrated for its gastronomy, boasting a number of world-renowned eating places and a big selection of conventional dishes. The coastal location provides a dimension of magnificence to the town, with beautiful cliffs and seashores that entice each locals and vacationers. There’s a lot to do in Lima and you may uncover all of it in our article Finest Issues to do in Lima, Peru.

18. The Inca Civilization

The Inca civilization is among the most iconic features of Peru. At its peak within the fifteenth century, it was the most important empire in pre-Columbian America. The Incas have been exceptional engineers, as evidenced by buildings like Machu Picchu and Sacsayhuamán. It’s stated that The Incas have been the solely historical tradition on the planet to outline constellations of each darkish and light-weight.

Though the Inca Empire was short-lived because of the Spanish conquest, its affect on Peruvian tradition is simple. The Quechua language, conventional clothes, and varied customs have been carried via generations, preserving the legacy of the Incas.

Information About Peru FAQ

Fun Facts About Peru FAQ

What Are 5 Enjoyable Information About Peru?

  • Peru is residence to the best sand dune on the planet, Cerro Blanco, which stands at roughly 2,078 meters.
  • The Amazon Rainforest covers almost 60% of Peru, making it the second-largest portion of the Amazon, after Brazil.
  • Guinea pigs, generally known as ‘cuy’ in Peru, are thought of a delicacy and have been consumed within the Andean area for 1000’s of years.
  • Peru grows greater than 55 kinds of corn, ranging in colour from white and yellow to purple and black.
  • The Floating Islands of Uros on Lake Titicaca are made fully of reeds and are residence to the Uros individuals, who keep them by including new layers of reeds.

What Are Some Distinctive Information About Peru?

  • The Nazca Traces, a sequence of historical geoglyphs within the Nazca Desert, stay an enigma. They have been created between 500 BCE and 500 CE, and a few of the figures can solely be absolutely seen from the air.
  • Cotahuasi Canyon is among the deepest canyons on the planet, nearly twice as deep because the Grand Canyon in america.
  • The Quechua individuals apply ‘servinacuy’, a type of trial marriage, the place {couples} reside collectively for a interval earlier than deciding to formally marry.
  • The traditional Paracas tradition practiced cranial deformation, resulting in the invention of the weird elongated skulls within the Paracas Peninsula.
  • The standard Peruvian dish ceviche is believed to have been consumed in an analogous type for over two thousand years, with historical civilizations utilizing fermented juice from banana passionfruit to marinate the fish.

What Will You Do With These Enjoyable Information About Peru?

Fun Facts about Peru

So, which of those details about Peru was most fascinating to you? Was it the mysterious Nazca Traces? The lately found Rainbow Mountain? The distinctive cultural traditions of the Quechua individuals? Or the unimaginable biodiversity in a rustic that’s residence to the world’s driest desert and thickest jungles?

Whichever Peru details jumped out at you, one factor is for certain: There’s no scarcity of issues to study this wonderful nation.

Is Peru on the high of your journey bucket record? Would you wish to study extra fascinating details about Peru, together with tips on how to plan your journey to South America? Click on right here for our in-depth Peru journey information and continue to learn about this unimaginable journey vacation spot.


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