A strengthened pesticide administration system enhances the safety of people, animals and the surroundings, thereby advancing ONE HEALTH’s world objectives and targets. Pesticides play an necessary function in agricultural improvement; they scale back the lack of agricultural merchandise and enhance the yield and high quality of agricultural produce. On the similar time, pesticides, particularly Extremely Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs) utilized in many international locations for agricultural and public well being functions, could pose vital well being and environmental dangers. HHPs are pesticides that are acknowledged to current significantly excessive ranges of acute or persistent hazards to well being or the surroundings in response to internationally accepted classification methods corresponding to WHO or International Harmonized System (GHS) or their itemizing in related binding worldwide agreements or conventions.
Following the FAO/WHO Pointers on HHPs, the Meals and Agriculture Group of the United Nations (FAO) and the Authorities of Zimbabwe, by way of the Ministries answerable for Well being, Agriculture and the Atmosphere, undertook a 3 stepwise strategy for HHP danger discount specifically identification, evaluation and mitigation. The method began off the identification of 44 HHPs in response to the eight FAO/WHO standards. In 2022, an inclusive multisectoral course of involving the aforementioned Ministries undertook a examine to determine HHPs and dangers related to their administration and use. The examine collected information on farmers’ and Retailers’ Pesticides, Data, Angle and Practices. The examine recognized extra HHPs utilized in Zimbabwe; assessed the dangers related to pesticide dealing with; investigated the provision and use; and assessed regulatory compliance by pesticide retailers within the nation.
“The worldwide and regional chemical substances administration devices, together with the Strategic Strategy to Worldwide Chemical substances Administration (SAICM), which Zimbabwe is a celebration to, recognise HHPs as a problem of concern and name for a concerted motion to deal with them. This launch is without doubt one of the many actions by way of which FAO has proven its continued help to sustainable pesticide administration in Zimbabwe, because the nation thrives on adopting good practices that may be replicated and scaled as much as deal with current gaps and constraints,” stated Professor Jiri, Chief Director – Agricultural and Rural Improvement Advisory Providers Directorate in a speech learn on behalf of Dr John Basera, Everlasting Secretary within the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Fisheries, Water and Rural Improvement.
Over 100 stakeholders within the pesticides administration worth chain got here collectively in Harare to understand the report’s findings and launch a nationwide HHPs mitigation technique whereas fostering collaborative synergies amongst stakeholders key to sustainable pesticide use in Zimbabwe. The examine was carried out underneath the auspices of the European Union-funded Capability Constructing Associated to Multilateral Environmental Agreements of African, Caribbean and Pacific international locations (ACP-MEAs 3) by way of the thematic working group on HHPs.
“I wish to spotlight that the HHP examine we’re launching in the present day and the inception of a method to mitigate the influence of HHPs in agriculture aligns with the core narrative guiding FAO’s Strategic Framework. By way of the ACP-MEAs 3 undertaking, FAO has facilitated and supplied technical help to determine and undertake the HHP nationwide survey as a part of the danger and desires evaluation. We’re glad to have fun along with the federal government of Zimbabwe to launch this necessary report,” stated Patrice Talla, FAO Subregional Coordinator for Southern Africa, in a speech learn on his behalf by Louis Muhigirwa, FAO Deputy Consultant to Zimbabwe.
Following up on a presentation of the ACP-MEAs 3 HHPs thematic group findings, the launch knowledgeable the event of a nationwide HHPs mitigation technique framed underneath short-term, mid-term and long-term interventions. The launch agreed that the technique could be sure by guiding ideas which is able to issue and incorporate constitutional and nationwide blueprints such because the Nationwide Improvement Technique 1 (NDS1) and the WHO/GHS to develop a strengthened pesticide administration system that reduces the danger of HHPs to the perfect of its potential.
A presentation on the inception of the HHP mitigation technique set the roadmap for Zimbabwe to cut back the human and environmental dangers related to dealing with and utilizing HHPs. Vital points raised as a part of the mitigation technique have been the necessity to prepare and lift the notice of farmers, retailers and all key stakeholders on the HHPs, and to develop options or part out plans for the HHPs. Different components of the HHP technique plan that have been prioritized included strengthening the enforcement and regulation of pesticides together with HHPs and offering the authorized surroundings that enables bio-pesticide registration.
In session with all related stakeholders, FAO and the Authorities of Zimbabwe will develop a draft HHP mitigation technique. The draft might be offered to all stakeholders by way of nationwide session workshops. The federal government of Zimbabwe will validate and endorse the ultimate draft technique, to take ahead the efforts to cut back the influence of HHPs in Zimbabwe.
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of FAO Regional Workplace for Africa.
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