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Friday, June 14, 2024

Darbhanga Bihar Should See Locations

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Darbhanga actually means a gateway to Banga or Bengal. So, in case you are touring east, that is the place the traditional Bengal began. This area was often known as Tirhut, in addition to the extra common identify – Mithila.

Darbhanga is the primary metropolis within the Mithila area of Bihar. Due to its royal patronage, it was one of many earliest cities to have its personal airport, approach again in 1938 CE. Fortunately, it has been revived and you’ll fly on to Darbhanga from all main cities in India.

Its railway connectivity additionally dates to the late 19th CE – for the reason that early days of Indian Railways. It has three railway stations in shut neighborhood, one for British officers at Lahariya Sarai, Darbhanga station for frequent individuals, and a particular line that related to one of many palaces for the king.

Mithila has been on my want checklist for a very long time. In truth, twice I deliberate a visit and needed to cancel it final minute. Lastly, this was the time to go to it.

Landscape view of Lali Narayan Mithila University in Darbhanga
Panorama view of Lali Narayan Mithila College. Picture courtesy Shutterstock

Historical past of Darbhanga

It’s in all probability one of many oldest cities in India.

Within the latest previous, it was dominated by the Khandwala dynasty, popularly often known as Raj Darbhanga. They got here right here from Khandwa in Madhya Pradesh in direction of the top of 16th CE & dominated for nearly 400 years.

Technically, they had been Maithili Brahmin Zamindars who managed massive sections of land. They had been by no means given the standing of princely state although their dominance was bigger than many who had that standing. Did it imply they didn’t give a tribute to the British or Mughals and had been impartial? Most likely sure.

It’s their footprints that you simply see in all places within the metropolis. Most of their palaces and royal abodes have been transformed into schools and universities. The town is residence to 2 universities – Lalit Narayan Mithila College and Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit College.

Ponds of Darbhanga

Mithila as a area is thought for ponds. So, no marvel that the place can be dominated by many ponds.

European Guest House in Darbhanga
Ponds and Palaces

Three massive ponds subsequent to one another, stand out on town map.

Other than these wherever you go, you will notice an enormous or small pond. I discovered them near temples, as a part of palaces and forts, and nearly wherever.

We additionally discovered individuals fishing in most of those ponds. Sure, fish is a favourite meals right here. Makhana vegetation are additionally grown in these shallow ponds however to see that you have to go to on the proper time of the 12 months.

I simply want town and ponds had been clear sufficient to take pleasure in strolling round. Darbhanga is the dirtiest metropolis that I’ve seen in India.

Temples of Darbhanga

Shyama Mai Temple Advanced

On the coronary heart of Darbhanga is the Shyama Mai temple complicated surrounded by many temples. What makes this temple complicated distinctive is that this can be a royal crematorium. Temples, principally devoted to totally different types of Devi, are constructed on prime of cremation pyres of various kings and queens.

Shyama Kali Temple
Shyama Kali Temple

Temples like Shyama Kali have gained immense recognition regardless of being part of cremation. The identical goes for different temples within the complicated surrounding a sq. pond.

We visited this temple complicated early morning and noticed many individuals visiting these temples. We had been informed that the majority of those temples have an underground chamber the place the Tantrik path worship is carried out.

A few of the temples of this complicated are, as you progress clockwise across the pond:

Madhaveshwar Mahadev Temple

That is the one temple right here that isn’t on prime of a cremation place. This was constructed by Maharaja Madhav Singh in 1806 CE. This can be a Shiva temple and will get its identify from the one who constructed it.

It’s a small temple in white with crimson highlighting it. The three-door entrance results in a Bengal Chala-style mandapa that results in Garbhagriha which homes the Shivalinga.

Shyama Mai Temple

Shyama Kali Temple is probably the most well-known temple of this complicated in addition to Darbhanga. Individuals go to her for the achievement of their needs.

Constructed on the Pyre of Maharaja Rameshwar Singh in 1929 CE, after his loss of life, she can be referred to as Rameshwari Kali. Temple stands tall in shiny crimson colour. Within the garbhagriha, stands an overwhelming Murti of Ma Kali in standing pose. She has 4 fingers, however what you’d bear in mind for lengthy is her higher left hand holding the sword and her decrease one holding a head. The opposite two fingers are in benevolent mudras – Abhay and Varada.

A Kalash or steel pot is saved in entrance of the Murti.

Lakshmeshwar Tara Temple

Lakshameshwar Singh dominated within the second half of 19th CE. The temple constructed on his pyre has a shiny pink low wall round it. We entered the temple after a flight of steps.

This Samadhi temple has the Murti of Tara, Lakshmeshar Singh’s Ishta Devi. The Murti right here is comparatively smaller however nonetheless massive sufficient. Tara holds weapons in her two higher fingers.

Near it’s a small temple devoted to Queen Laskshmiwati.

Annapurna Temple

This can be a small temple in a shiny crimson colour.

Rudreshwara Kali Temple

That is the oldest temple within the complicated and it was a comparatively clear one. In truth, the Pujari was cleansing the premises after we visited. It is a pretty big temple, situated bang reverse Shyama Kali temple throughout the pond.

It’s constructed on the Pyre of Maharaja Rudra Singh. Devi right here is within the type of Ma Kali, holding two swords in her higher fingers.

Kameshwar Shyama Temple

This temple belongs to the final Maharaja of Darbhanga – Kameshwar Singh. This has the Devi within the Swaroop of Shyama, one other identify of Kali.

Other than these temples, there are areas that will have belonged to different departed members of the royal household.

Manokamana Temple

This can be a small and exquisite temple devoted to Hanuman ji. In pristine white marble, this appears to be like like a miniature temple in Jain model. You might want to take some steps to succeed in the temple.

Manokamana Hanuman Temple
Manokamana Hanuman Temple

To enter you’ll have to bend your self fairly a bit. Most individuals simply sit within the open space exterior the temple.

We noticed some younger boys chanting Hanuman Chalisa right here. We too joined in.

A small stall sells Hanuman Ji’s favourite laddoos for Prasad.

Ram Mandir

It is a pretty big temple situated near Nargona Palace. In-built a typical Indo-Saracenic model, the Shikharas are within the type of gumbads. Inside, the structure takes you to Rajasthan. The wooden and stucco work is beautiful however the temple appears to be deserted although it appears to be like like a household lives inside it.

Garbhagriha has Ram Darbar with all 4 brothers, Ma Sita and Hanuman Ji. There’s additionally a small temple devoted to Radha Krishna.

Kankali Devi Mandir

This temple is situated contained in the Darbhanga Fort, devoted to Kankali Swaroop of Devi. It’s just like temples within the Shyama Mai temple complicated. It jogged my memory of Kankali Teela in Mathura.

Museums of Darbhanga

For a small metropolis, the quantity and measurement of museums are wonderful. I want I may say the identical concerning the maintenance of the place.

Lakshmishwar Singh Museum

Run by the Division of Youth and Tradition this museum is situated subsequent to the massive Dighi Lake. Apparently, the museum has been lately renovated and restored.

Mahishasurmardini in Ivory at Lakshmishwar Museum Darbhanga
Mahishasurmardini in Ivory at Lakshmishwar Museum

It has a good assortment of ivory gadgets from the royal household. This contains furnishings and sculptures. An elephant Hauda is claimed to be of Tipu Sultan although there isn’t a documentation of it.

Chandrahari Museum

Situated near the Lakshmishwar Singh Museum this museum has an enormous constructing however a restricted assortment on show. The upkeep is disappointing, to say the least. Work are in a dilapidated state, a few of them could also be uncommon yantra work used for rituals.

Many Vishnu Murtis from the area point out that Vaishnava worship was predominant within the area.

Mithila Souvenirs to purchase

Madhubani Work is an apparent selection. However, I couldn’t discover any choices to purchase them in Darbhanga or Madhubani, except you meet the artists instantly.

There are a number of artists who’re portray on Saris and have studios like Madhubani Paints.

Swarna Vaidehi Makhana from Mithila
Swarna Vaidehi Makhana from Mithila

Makhana is the most effective factor to purchase from Darbhanga. You may simply discover it out there and it prices about 30-40% of what it prices in greater cities. In case you are to know extra about this marvel nut, you’ll be able to go to the Makhana Analysis Middle within the metropolis.

Sattu – the ever present drink of Bihar is available in many packaged varieties right here. Purchase it and benefit from the tasty and wholesome drink of Bihar.

Palaces of Darbhanga

Being a royal metropolis, it’s sure to have royal palaces and forts. What I recognize about Darbhanga’s palaces is that they’ve transformed the royal palaces into academic institutes. This retains the heritage alive and well-maintained.

Earthquake Resistant Nargona Palace

This easy palace in white carries the trademark symmetry of the colonial period. It is part of the Sanskrit College now. Boards with Sanskrit verses welcome you to the campus.

Nargona Palace Darbhanga
Earthquake Resistant Nargona Palace

What makes Nargona Palace distinctive is that it is without doubt one of the earliest earthquake-resistant buildings in trendy India. It was constructed after a ravaging earthquake hit the area in 1934 CE. You may see the hole area left within the basement that gives insulation from shockwaves. It did survive the following huge earthquake that occurred in 1988.

We met individuals fishing within the pond in entrance of Nargona Palace. Canopies and chessboard flooring give a glimpse of its heyday.

Lakshmi Vikas Palace and Anandbagh Palace

Each these now function as the 2 universities in Darbhanga. A big Murti of Raja Lakshmishwar Singh stands in entrance of the palace in crimson, with a clock tower within the backdrop.

Kameshwar Singh Sanskrit University in Darbhanga
Sanskrit College

Contained in the palace, there’s fantastic woodwork that may be seen in a number of the places of work.

Durbar Hall of Darbhanga
Durbar Corridor in Beautiful Burmese Teak

A darbar corridor on this constructing is stuffed with beautiful woodwork in darkish Burmese teakwood. European-style flying maidens could be seen because the brackets holding the higher parapet. The chandelier and tilework have survived whereas the stage has given solution to an unsightly alternative.

On the campus, you’ll be able to teams of scholars finding out and having fun with their finest years.

Mahatama Gandhi Sadan

What was a European visitor home to entertain the colonial visitor is now a college visitor home. This constructing has a room on the bottom ground the place Mahatma Gandhi stayed for an evening. It has now been devoted to his reminiscence. Capabilities are held on his start and loss of life anniversary right here.

Indra Bhawan

A lone constructing in white stands in the course of an enormous empty floor. This can be a place the place Indra Puja used to occur with elephants and horses. Nonetheless, it not takes place and the constructing is mendacity deserted.

Indra Bhavan in Darbhanga
Indra Bhavan

This can be a uncommon place the place the custom of Indra worship stays, even when simply as a remnant. Hope somebody research and paperwork this for posterity.

Darbhanga Fort

A fort wall in crimson and a adorned gateway lead you contained in the fort. That is simply part of town and partitions are only a reminder that this was as soon as a fort. That is the filthiest a part of town. We actually drove by 2 ft of water stuffed with water hyacinth to see the primary door of the fort.

There’s nothing a lot you’ll be able to see, besides the crumbling partitions and Kankali Devi Mandir.

Bela Palace

Bela Palace now Postal Training Center at Darbhanga
Bela Palace that’s now Postal Coaching Middle

This palace of Vishveshwar Singh, the youthful brother of Kameshwar Singh is the best-maintained constructing right here. Since 1966, it has been the Postal Coaching Middle of the Division of Posts. So, it carried their colour – white and crimson.

The gardens are nicely maintained. You may stroll alongside the gardens, orchards and ponds.

Journey Suggestions

  • The town is nicely related by Air, Rail, and Roadways.
  • There are a number of mid-range accommodations to remain.
  • Radhe-Radhe is the one restaurant chain the place you’ll be able to sit and eat. Else, there’s ample road meals for Bhuja and Sattu.
  • Auto Rickshaws are simply out there.
  • You may see many of the Mithila area with a base on this metropolis. The town wants 1-2 days to see intimately.



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