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Morocco’s Atlantic Initiative will rework Africa’s geostrategic panorama

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The Atlantic Initiative, launched by Morocco’s King Mohammed VI, is starting to reshape the geostrategic panorama in Africa. This venture, which goals to offer Sahelian international locations with a maritime outlet, has been receiving a lot consideration and reward not too long ago for its nice potential to ascertain multilateral partnerships and enhance African financial integration.  

  1. The Morocco-Nigeria fuel pipeline, key to the Atlantic Initiative 
  2. Regional safety 

This formidable plan will finish the isolation of Sahelian international locations equivalent to Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad and Mali by opening their doorways to the Atlantic Ocean, one thing that can undoubtedly carry quite a few financial advantages to those nations. 

“The initiative was clear in its connotations and express in its particulars, in addition to in its targets, which replicate a Moroccan consciousness of the adjustments surrounding Africa at this stage characterised by multidimensional transformations that essentially require financial and safety insurance policies, in addition to approaches of a strategic nature,” writes Al-Jami Qasimi, a Tunisian journalist, in Al-Arab. 

The main focus of this initiative is intently associated to Rabat’s rising curiosity in Africa, from the place they’ve offered a big impetus to the work of the African Union.  

King Mohamed VI of Morocco – PHOTO/FILE

Furthermore, the venture is remodeling the regional scene, with out concealing its pressing want to fully rid itself of the colonial legacy that also hinders the launching of economies in the direction of a broader horizon. 

For these causes, the initiative has begun to draw the eye of a number of capitals, from Washington to Madrid, in addition to African cities within the venture. All this, in keeping with Qasimi, is happening within the midst of an energetic Moroccan diplomatic motion characterised by “calm and realism” to create the proper situations for the success of the initiative, which “will reshape Africa’s geostrategic panorama”. 

It’s also value noting that this initiative – which largely displays Morocco’s respect for Africa and its willingness to assist the continent’s economies, particularly within the Sahel and Sahara area – goals to ascertain actual integration within the African Atlantic area, an space that accounts for round 55% of the continent’s gross home product.  

The economies of African international locations on the Atlantic coast account for 57% of Africa’s free commerce and are able to attracting 60% of international direct funding, which signifies that this initiative can even strengthen the partnership between this African area and the remainder of the world. 

The Morocco-Nigeria fuel pipeline, key to the Atlantic Initiative 

Along with this initiative, Morocco can also be working to launch a fuel pipeline with Nigeria, a strategic venture that’s not separate from the Atlantic Initiative, however is a part of it. This pipeline will cross 13 African international locations – Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal, Mauritania and Morocco – earlier than reaching Spain and thru it the remainder of the European markets.  

The interconnection of this venture with the Atlantic Initiative is evidenced by the provision of fuel by way of the Morocco-Nigeria pipeline to 3 landlocked international locations belonging to the Sahel-Saharan Africa area: Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, nations that shall be linked to the ocean because of the Moroccan initiative. 

File photograph: Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari shakes palms with Morocco’s King Mohamed VI – AFP/PHILIP OJISUA

Because of this Mohammed VI described the venture as a foundation for “peace, African financial integration and customary growth, an initiative for current and future generations”. This pipeline could possibly be the longest on the planet, with a size of greater than 5,600 kilometres.  

The complete West African area, residence to greater than 440 million individuals, will profit from this venture, as its capability is predicted to succeed in 30-40 billion cubic metres per yr at a price of three billion cubic toes of fuel per day. The price of completion is estimated at round $25 billion.

Regional safety 

Morocco can also be looking for to strengthen regional safety, to which finish it has labored to create the “North Atlantic African Treaty Organisation” throughout a gathering held in Rabat in June 2022 that was attended by 21 African international locations from the Atlantic space.   

This organisation goals to ascertain political dialogue, safety and joint motion in opposition to terrorist threats, in addition to securing the fuel pipeline from Nigeria to Morocco.

It additionally formulates safety motion plans associated to the struggle in opposition to terrorism, transnational organised crime, maritime piracy and unlawful immigration

Sahel area – PHOTO/FILE

As a way to enhance this organisation, Moroccan diplomacy has intensified its exercise in all areas, and Moroccan teachers and consultants, led by the director of the Atlantic Centre for Strategic Research, Abdel Rahim Al-Manar Al-Sulaimi, have arrange a preparatory committee to ascertain an institutional framework below the title of the ‘Discussion board for the Evaluation of Strategic Affairs for the Atlantic and Sahel International locations’.  

The creation of this committee adopted a collection of conferences organised by the Discussion board over three days within the cities of Laayoune, Smara and Boujdour, the place in-depth educational mental interplay was evident within the presence of delegations from Tunisia, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates. 

A Malian military soldier stands guard on the entrance to the G5 Sahel, a five-nation anti-terrorist drive (Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mauritania and Chad) – AFP/SEBASTIEN RIEUSSEC 

In accordance with Abdel Rahim Al-Manar Al-Sulaimi, the Moroccan Atlantic Initiative “will produce growth dynamics that can profit Africa, in addition to the Arab world and Latin America”. 

He additionally careworn that the King of Morocco’s imaginative and prescient to launch this initiative, which goals to make Morocco a gateway to the Atlantic for the African international locations of the Sahel and Sahara, would reinforce South-South cooperation primarily based on a win-win partnership. 


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