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Tuesday, June 18, 2024

Little safety for the susceptible, even on main migration routes: UNHCR

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A brand new report from the UN refugee company (UNHCR) confirmed that every yr, tons of of hundreds of individuals threat their lives emigrate from sub-Saharan international locations in Africa with out entry to rapid help, shelter or details about the hazards they could face together with from traffickers – despite the fact that the placement of main motion hubs is well-known.

Avoidable risks 

Vincent Cochetel, UNHCR Particular Envoy for the Central Mediterranean, mentioned that the absence of essential companies positioned refugees and migrants “at nice threat of hurt and loss of life” and likewise triggered harmful secondary journeys. 

Our capability to associate immediately with native authorities is lacking. But, these native authorities are there, they’re positioned on these routes which can be used for migrants and refugees, they’re positioned in locations the place humanitarian actors can’t be current, both due to security concern or as a result of authorities don’t need humanitarian actors to be current”, he added. 

To treatment the state of affairs and save lives, the UNHCR official referred to as on donors and stakeholders to help the company’s humanitarian work and that of native companions in focused areas.

This consists of higher entry to authorized pathways to security and enhancing safety companies for victims, in addition to these vulnerable to turning into victims alongside the routes,” Mr. Cochetel defined. 

Anti-trafficking focus

The UNHCR report famous that companies particularly tailor-made for victims of trafficking stay scarce, regardless of efforts to strengthen safety for them alongside migration routes in Ethiopia, Niger, Egypt and Morocco, the place nationwide methods exist to fight the follow together with nationwide referral mechanisms for victims of trafficking.

“There are clear hyperlinks between trafficking in individuals and violence towards girls and the report highlights the shortage of specialised companies and help measures for feminine victims of trafficking (VoTs),” the UNCHR publication reads. 

“Solely in Morocco and Ethiopia are companies out there for girls in danger or VoTs. Nonetheless, even these restricted companies are vulnerable to discontinuation subsequent yr.”

Worldwide face of migration

In addition to African migrants, some have journeyed from Asia and the Center East. 

Many underestimate the dangers and risks and lots of die whereas crossing the desert or close to borders, UNHCR mentioned, noting that the majority additionally endure severe human rights violations, together with sexual violence, kidnappings, torture and bodily abuse. 

“Many don’t go to capital cities the place humanitarian actors are based mostly and nicely represented,” Mr. Cochetel informed journalists in Geneva. “They embark to secondary routes, reaching smaller cities in hard-to-reach areas” together with within the Sahara Desert. “That is the place companies ought to be positioned.”

With the correct degree of funding, supported companies may present rapid humanitarian help, shelter, referral mechanisms, data on the hazards concerned in embarking on hazardous journeys and entry to justice. 

Libya lead

Taking the instance of Agadez in central Niger within the Saharan Desert – a significant migration hub in the direction of Libya and the place the safety state of affairs stays extraordinarily harmful for migrants – Mr. Cochetel emphasised that native authorities are current: “Let’s work with these authorities. These authorities see the issue they usually want to do one thing. Desert search and rescue, that is one thing we might wish to develop”.

Measures promoted by UNHCR to guard migrants from trafficking embrace:

  • Bolstering the early identification of refugees and migrants in danger or victims of trafficking each on the land routes and upon disembarkation;
  • Facilitating entry to options for VoTs together with common pathways, reminiscent of household reunification and humanitarian evacuation;
  • Enhancing regularization of migrants and longer-term help in host international locations – providing voluntary return to international locations of origin “shouldn’t be the one answer thought of, as it might result in dangers of re-trafficking upon return”;
  • Facilitating entry to authorized help, together with for entry to justice and treatments. Enhancing entry to help for male victims of trafficking, as males are sometimes not eligible for the restricted help that’s out there.

In accordance with the UNHCR, 108.4 million folks worldwide are forcibly displaced. Most refugees – 76 per cent – are hosted by low and middle-income international locations. 

As well as, the UN migration company IOM studies greater than 280 million worldwide migrants on the transfer, representing 3.6 per cent of the worldwide inhabitants.


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