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International fisheries and aquaculture manufacturing reaches a brand new report excessive

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Rome/San Jose, Costa Rica – World fisheries and aquaculture manufacturing has hit a brand new excessive, with aquaculture manufacturing of aquatic animals surpassing seize fisheries for the primary time, in response to a brand new report from the Meals and Agriculture Group of the United Nations (FAO) launched right now. 

The 2024 version of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) mentioned world fisheries and aquaculture manufacturing in 2022 surged to 223.2 million tonnes, a 4.4 % enhance from the 12 months 2020. Manufacturing comprised 185.4 million tonnes of aquatic animals and 37.8 million tonnes of algae.

“FAO welcomes the numerous achievements to this point, however additional transformative and adaptive actions are wanted to strengthen the effectivity, inclusiveness, resilience and sustainability of aquatic meals methods and consolidate their function in addressing meals insecurity, poverty alleviation and sustainable governance,” mentioned FAO Director-Common QU Dongyu. “That’s why FAO advocates Blue Transformation, to fulfill the general necessities of higher manufacturing, higher diet, a greater atmosphere and a greater life, leaving nobody behind.”

The SOFIA report will probably be formally launched on the Excessive-level occasion on ocean motion “Immersed in Change”  in San Jose, Costa Rica

Aquaculture produces report quantity

In 2022 and for the primary time in historical past, aquaculture surpassed seize fisheries as the primary producer of aquatic animals. International aquaculture manufacturing reached an unprecedented 130.9 million tonnes, of which 94.4 million tonnes are aquatic animals, 51 % of the full aquatic animal manufacturing. 

Aquaculture development signifies its capability to additional contribute to assembly the rising world demand for aquatic meals, however future growth and intensification should prioritise sustainability and profit areas and communities most in want. 

At current, a small variety of international locations dominate aquaculture. Ten of them – China, Indonesia, India, Viet Nam, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Norway, Egypt, and Chile – produced over 89.8 % of the full. However many low-income international locations in Africa and Asia are usually not utilizing their full potential. Focused insurance policies, expertise switch, capability constructing and accountable funding are essential to spice up sustainable aquaculture the place it’s most wanted, particularly in Africa.

International consumption of aquatic meals rises once more

Document manufacturing of aquatic meals underlines the sector’s potential in tackling meals insecurity and malnutrition. International obvious consumption of aquatic animal meals reached 162.5 million tonnes in 2021. This determine has elevated at almost twice the speed of the world inhabitants since 1961, with world per capita annual consumption rising from 9.1 kg in 1961 to twenty.7 kg in 2022. 

Of whole aquatic animal manufacturing, 89 % was used for direct human consumption, underscoring the crucial function of fisheries and aquaculture in sustaining world meals safety. The remainder was destined for oblique or non-food makes use of, primarily fishmeal and fish oil manufacturing. 

Supporting additional consumption from sustainable sources is essential to foster wholesome diets and enhance diet worldwide. Aquatic meals present high-quality proteins – 15 % of animal proteins and 6 % of whole proteins worldwide – and key vitamins together with omega-3 fatty acids, minerals, and nutritional vitamins. In 2021, they contributed at the least 20 % of the per capita protein provide from all animal sources to three.2 billion folks.

Most seize fisheries manufacturing comes from sustainable shares

International seize fisheries manufacturing has remained secure for the reason that late Nineteen Eighties. In 2022, the sector produced 92.3 million tonnes, comprising 11.3 million tonnes from inland and 81 million tonnes from marine seize. Regardless of the expansion in aquaculture, seize fisheries stay a vital supply of aquatic animal manufacturing. 

The proportion of marine shares fished inside biologically sustainable ranges, nonetheless, decreased to 62.3 % in 2021, 2.3 % decrease than in 2019. When weighted by manufacturing stage, an estimated 76.9 % of the 2021 landings from shares monitored by FAO had been from biologically sustainable shares. This underscores the function that efficient fisheries administration can play in facilitating inventory restoration and elevated catches, highlighting the pressing want to duplicate profitable insurance policies to reverse the present declining development.

FAO tasks rise in manufacturing and consumption

SOFIA additionally incorporates FAO’s outlook for fisheries and aquaculture, which tasks will increase in world manufacturing and obvious consumption for the interval as much as 2032.

Aquatic animal manufacturing is anticipated to extend by 10 % by 2032 to achieve 205 million tonnes. Aquaculture growth and seize fisheries restoration will account for this rise. 

SOFIA tasks that obvious consumption will enhance by 12 % to provide on common 21.3 kg per capita in 2032. Rising incomes and urbanisation, enhancements in post-harvest practices and distribution and dietary developments are anticipated to drive most of this enhance. 

Nonetheless, per capita obvious consumption in Africa will proceed to lower, as manufacturing projections could not sustain with inhabitants development. That is particularly alarming for sub-Saharan Africa the place many international locations are depending on aquatic meals to fulfill their dietary wants, significantly animal proteins and micronutrients.

The report additionally presents a state of affairs displaying the potential implications of inhabitants dynamics on the provision of aquatic animal meals as much as 2050. Because of the rising world inhabitants, to take care of by means of to 2050 obvious consumption of aquatic animal meals on the 2022 estimated stage of 20.7 kg per capita would require a rise within the whole aquatic animal meals provide of 36 million tonnes, an increase of twenty-two %. This highlights the necessity to speed up Blue Transformation precedence actions in a world the place aquatic meals play a extra important function in ending starvation, malnutrition and poverty.

Falling employment however very important livelihoods for thousands and thousands

Along with diet and meals safety, fisheries and aquaculture are an essential supply of livelihoods. In response to the most recent information, an estimated 61.8 million folks had been employed within the major sector of fisheries and aquaculture in 2022, down from 62.8 million in 2020. 

Intercourse-disaggregated information indicated that girls made up 24 % of the general workforce however 62 % within the processing subsector. Gender inequality points stay, together with variations in wages, inadequate recognition of ladies’s contribution to the sector, and gender-based violence. 

SOFIA is an FAO flagship report that analyses the standing and well being of world fishery shares in addition to developments in fisheries and aquaculture at a world and regional stage. The 2024 version spotlights the concrete advances of Blue Transformation in motion, showcasing the function of FAO, in collaboration with Members and companions, in driving change in the direction of sustainable aquaculture growth and intensification, successfully managed fisheries, and worth chains that prioritize effectivity, security and fairness.

SOFIA 2024 in numbers

All figures are from 2022 until in any other case specified. 


International fisheries and aquaculture manufacturing: 223.2 million tonnes

Aquatic animals: 185.4 million tonnes 

Algae: 37.8 million tonnes

International aquaculture manufacturing: 130.9 million tonnes

International seize fisheries: 92.3 million tonnes

Aquatic animal manufacturing by area: Asia (70 %), Europe (9 %), Latin America and the Caribbean (9 %), Africa (7 %), Northern America (3 %) and Oceania (1 %)

Primary producers of aquatic animals by nation: China (36 %), India (8 %), Indonesia (7 %), Viet Nam (5 %) and Peru (3 %)

Estimated whole first sale worth of fisheries and aquaculture manufacturing: USD 472 billion 

Estimated whole first sale worth of aquaculture manufacturing: USD 313 billion


Proportion of sustainably fished marine shares monitored by FAO (2021): 62.3 % 

Proportion of sustainably fished marine shares stage monitored by FAO weighted by manufacturing (2021): 78.9 % 


International obvious consumption of aquatic animal meals (2021): 162.5 million tonnes

International obvious consumption of aquatic meals per capita (2021): 20.6 kg

Enhance in world obvious consumption of aquatic meals per capita: from 9.1 kg in 1961 to twenty.6 in 2021


Individuals employed in major manufacturing: 61.8 million 

Employees by sector: fisheries (54 %), aquaculture (36 %), sector not specified (10 %)

Proportion of jobs by area: Asia (85 %), Africa (10 %), Latin America and the Caribbean (4 %), Europe, Oceania and Northern America mixed (1 %).


High exporters of aquatic animal merchandise: China, Norway, Viet Nam, Ecuador, Chile

High importers of aquatic animal merchandise: The USA of America, China, Japan, Spain, France

Worth of worldwide commerce of aquatic merchandise: USD 195 billion



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