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Africa’s Wind Energy Industry Expected to Diversify as Interest to Harness the Continent’s Wind Grows

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Outdoors of a restricted variety of international locations, wind generators have remained a uncommon sight in Africa. However this isn’t for lack of potential. In 2020, a research by the Worldwide Finance Company (IFC) discovered that continental Africa possesses an onshore wind potential of just about 180,000 TWh/annum, sufficient to fulfill all the continent’s electrical energy wants 250 instances over. Because the continent continues to hunt methods to increase power entry, the adoption of wind as a supply of power is anticipated to speed up.

The place the wind blows

To this point, solely Morocco, Egypt, and South Africa have been actually profitable in harnessing their wind potential and attracting non-public capital to arrange wind parks. By way of its broadly acclaimed Renewable Power Unbiased Energy Producer Procurement (REIPPP) program, South Africa has already commissioned 34 wind farms with and put in capability of over 3.3 GW, based on the nation’s IPP Workplace.

And that is removed from over. In 2021, the South African Ministry of Mineral Assets and Power introduced 25 profitable bidders underneath its REIPPP Bid Window 5, together with 12 wind farms with a complete capability of 1,600 MW. Tasks settlement for these services are anticipated to be signed earlier than the tip of 2022.

The nation additionally opened in April 2022 the REIPPP Bid Window 6, which can allocate a most capability of 1,600 MW of wind, with initiatives starting from 50 MW to 240 MW.

Up north, Morocco and Egypt proceed to drive wind power developments. The latter has an put in wind technology capability of just about 1.5 GW throughout 13 wind farms based on its Ministry of Power. It now expects to fee one other 2 GW by 2025 with a further 14 wind farms. 

On the opposite aspect, Egypt has seen fewer however greater initiatives. Its 4 wind farms have a present put in capability of 1.6 GW. The latest one, West Bakr, was commissioned by Lekela Energy in November 2021.

The function of growth and multilateral finance

Throughout the remainder of the continent, multilateral and growth finance establishments (DFIs) have performed a key function in supporting the emergence of the wind sector.

West Africa has more and more harnessed its wind potential with services commissioned in Cabo Verde (Cabeólica, 2011), Senegal (Taiba Ndiaye, 2019), and Mauritania (Boulenouar, 2020). The initiatives obtained important backing from the likes of the Africa Finance Company (AFC), the U.S. Worldwide Growth Finance Company (DFC), and the Arab Fund for Financial & Social Growth (AFESD).

They’ve efficiently laid the bottom for extra initiatives to observe. In December 2021, the U.S. DFC notably offered funding for a feasibility research to increase Senegal’s 158.7 MW Taiba Ndiaye Wind Farm by one other 100 MW.

East Africa can also be becoming a member of the sport, led by Kenya. After the enlargement of the Ngong facility in 2014, the nation commissioned the 310 MW Lake Turkana Wind Farm in 2017 and the 100 MW Kipeto Wind Farm in 2021. The African Growth Financial institution (AfDB) was the mandated lead arranger on Lake Turkana’s debt package deal and managed to draw a number of main European DFIs to finance the challenge. On its aspect, Kipeto was principally funded by the U.S. DFC. 

After its success in Cabo Verde, the AFC has moved east the place it’s the lead developer on Djibouti’s Pink Sea Wind Energy Undertaking in Ghoubet. The 60 MW facility is now nearing completion and is the nation’s very first impartial energy producer (IPP).

A super selection to chop carbon emissions

Extra not too long ago, pure sources and extractive industries have offered a further driver of wind power adoption in Africa. Publicly listed oil & gasoline and mining firms searching for to decarbonize their portfolio and lower carbon emissions throughout their operations are certainly taking a look at wind.

In March 2022, Savannah Power executed an settlement with the Ministry of Petroleum, Power and Renewable Energies of the Republic of Niger to develop the nation’s first wind farm. Savannah Power, operator of a number of the most prolific oil blocks in Niger, is planning to assemble and function the 250 MW facility within the Tahoua Area. The wind farm can be structured as an IPP and is at the moment in feasibility research. It’s anticipated to be sanctioned in 2023 for a possible commissioning in 2025.

In Zambia, First Quantum Minerals (FQM) entered into a brand new partnership with Chariot and Whole Eren earlier this 12 months to develop 430 MW of photo voltaic and wind energy for its mining operations. The corporate notably operates Africa’s largest copper mine by manufacturing in Zambia and seeks to cut back its carbon footprint by 30% by 2025.

In South Africa, Anglo American is embarking on an excellent greater challenge with EDF Renewables. Each firms signed a Memorandum of Understanding in March this 12 months to work collectively on the event of a brand new regional renewable power ecosystem (RREE). The scheme is anticipated to be designed to satisfy Anglo American’s operational electrical energy necessities in South Africa by the availability of 100% renewable electrical energy by 2030. It notably seeks to develop a community of on-site and off-site photo voltaic and wind farms with storage totaling as much as 5 GW to energy Anglo American’s operations.

The hydrogen alternative

Equally essential, the emergence of Africa’s hydrogen business can even be supporting the expansion of its wind sector. 

Final 12 months, the Chariot Power Group signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Mauritanian Ministry of Petroleum, Mines & Power to progress Undertaking Nour, a possible inexperienced hydrogen growth of as much as 10 GW.

Underneath the MoU, Undertaking Nour has been given exclusivity over 14,400km2 of onshore and offshore space in Mauritania the place pre-feasibility and feasibility research can be carried out to generate photo voltaic and wind energy utilized in electrolysis to separate water and produce inexperienced hydrogen and oxygen.

In Namibia, the federal government issued in late 2021 a discover of award to HYPHEN Hydrogen Power, the joint-venture of Nicholas Holdings Restricted and ENERTRAG South Africa (Pty) Ltd, to develop southern Africa’s first gigawatt scale inexperienced hydrogen challenge.

The $9.4bn scheme can be situated inside the Tsau//Khaeb Nationwide Park, which is amongst the highest 5 useful resource wealthy places on the planet for co-located onshore wind and photo voltaic, based on Hyphen. The challenge’s full growth targets 300,000 metric tons of inexperienced hydrogen manufacturing a 12 months from 5GW of renewable technology capability and 3GW electrolyser.

Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Inexperienced Power Africa.

Media Contacts:
Melita Manser
Group Account Director, AOW at Ogilvy PR South Africa
Cell: +27 76 449 1271
E-mail: [email protected]

Paul Sinclair
Vice President of Power & Director of Authorities Relations, Africa Oil Week and Inexperienced Power Summit Africa
Cell: +44 7825 311791
E-mail: [email protected]

About Inexperienced Power Africa Summit:
Inexperienced Power Africa Summit, happening on 4-5 October 2022 in Cape City, is the worldwide platform for exciting offers and transactions throughout the African power sector. The occasion brings collectively governments, nationwide regulator and utility firms, impartial energy gamers, traders, monetary establishments and repair suppliers. The summit will drive offers and funding into power initiatives, present power entry and options for the continent and form the way forward for Africa.

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This Press Launch has been issued by APO. The content material just isn’t monitored by the editorial group of African Enterprise and never of the content material has been checked or validated by our editorial groups, proof readers or reality checkers. The issuer is solely accountable for the content material of this announcement.

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