The Arenillas Ecological Reserve is situated within the southwestern coastal area of Ecuador within the province of El Oro. The closest main metropolis is Huaquillas, a border metropolis with Peru. The reserve is house to each tropical dry forest and mangrove forests. The reserve has greater than 17,000 hectares, making it probably the most vital remnants of dry habitat vegetation on the Ecuadorian coast.
Previously, this space was a part of the army reserve, and to preserve dry and semi-arid environments, it was formally declared an ecological reserve in 2001 (creation started in 1971). The Reserve is a part of the Nationwide System of Protected Areas of Ecuador and since 2012 it was declared an Ecological Reserve, underneath the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Setting.
The Arenillas Ecological Reserve consists of a flat typography and has mangroves that encompass it. The reserve has entry to the Zarumilla and Arenillas rivers and is crossed by the Arenillas – Huaquillas freeway.
The fascinating factor in regards to the Arenillas Ecological Reserve is that its dry ecosystem makes use of a survival technique just like that utilized by different ecosystems in international locations with a really chilly Winter. Timber lose its leaves in the course of the dry season, when the warmth is intense to stop what little water there’s from evaporating by the leaves. Examples of tree species that use this method are guayacanes, ceibo and palo santo.
To go to the reserve you do not want to make a reservation or must pay an entrance payment. The reserve is open from Monday to Sunday from 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM.
How you can get to the Arenillas Ecological Reserve?
From Guayaquil: Drive alongside the Vía a Machala for 186 km, from there go to Sta. Rosa for 26 km and proceed till you attain the town of Arenillas for 21 km, from there proceed through Huaquillas till you attain the signal for the Arenillas Ecological Reserve.
From Arenillas/Huaquillas: Drive alongside the Arenillas – Huaquillas street till you discover the doorway signal to the protected space. Flip on the signal and go forward 4 kilometers to achieve the park’s customer middle.
What sort of fauna and flora are discovered within the Arenillas Ecological Reserve?
There are 178 plant species recorded, of which solely 76 are native, 10 had been launched and 25 are endemic to the area. Amongst them are the ficus, guayacanes, ceibos, and orchids.
The Reserve is house to 231 registered species of fauna; of which 153 are birds. Of those birds, 35% are endemic to the reserve. Right here you possibly can see the Macareño Slate Anambé Parakeet and the Blackish-headed Spinetail.
There are 31 varieties mammals which embody coastal fox, the anteater, the nine-banded armadillo, the Robinson mouse possum, the Pacific spiny rat, the jaguarundi, the Tayra, the fishing bat, the vampire bat, crab-eating raccoon, Pacific brown bat, Ecuadorian little yellow bat, western round-eared bat, and white-naped squirrel.
There are additionally 13 of those species of reptiles, 9 species of amphibians, 12 species of fish and 13 species of macroinvertebrates.
What actions are you able to do within the Arenillas Ecological Reserve?
There are a restricted variety of issues to do within the Arenillas Ecological Reserve together with pictures, stroll the jungle and go for a bicycle experience.
Is it potential to camp within the Arenillas Ecological Reserve?
You may camp at no cost with your individual tenting gear on the Arenillas Ecological Reserve, which requires registering earlier than 3:00 PM. The park ranger will give you all the required data, such because the place assigned to make fires and arrange your tent.
What to do within the Arenillas Ecological Reserve?
The reserve has an interpretation middle and two trails which might be used for mountain climbing or biking. The services have a parking space, benches, Wi-Fi, a campsite, water and electrical energy.
The primary path is named “El Venado”, which is a 1.6 kilometer circuit by the tropical dry forest. Right here you possibly can observe the vegetation of the world and hopefully spot wildlife.
Distance: 1.6 KM | Issue: Simple
The second path is the “Squirrel”, my favourite. This final path takes you alongside a 3.5 kilometer route additionally by the dry forest and also you go two bridges; considered one of wooden and one other hanging bridge. With luck you’ll find wildlife and benefit from the vegetation of the place.
Distance: 3.5 KM | Issue: Medium
Throughout the flowering season of the Guayacanes or the Bototillo, the dry forest turns yellow for per week. This pure occasion takes place in the course of the first rains of the winter season that usually happen between the months of December to January. One other fascinating pure occasion is the flowering of the Fernán Sanchez that turns the forest with completely different shades of pink and brown.
What to pack to go to the Arenillas Ecological Reserve?
- Gentle and long-sleeve clothes
- Snug closed sneakers
- Hat or cap
- Digital camera