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Tuesday, September 20, 2022

Key dates in Ethiopia’s war

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Ethiopia’s northern area of Tigray erupted in violence practically two years in the past when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed despatched in troops to topple rebels he accused of attacking federal military bases.

Combating flared anew final month as a five-month humanitarian truce collapsed.

However on Sunday, the rebels stated they had been prepared for a ceasefire and would settle for a peace course of led by the African Union, bowing to a requirement of the Ethiopian authorities that the AU act as mediator.

A timeline of the battle:

– 2020: Troops enter Tigray –

On November 4, 2020, Abiy orders a navy response to what he calls a “traitorous” assault on federal military camps in Tigray. 

He blames the area’s ruling occasion, the Tigray Individuals’s Liberation Entrance (TPLF), a former guerrilla group that dominated Ethiopian politics for practically three a long time earlier than Abiy took workplace in 2018.

Neighbouring Eritrea, which signed a peace cope with Abiy in 2018 that helped him win the Nobel Peace Prize the next 12 months, is reported to have despatched troops into Tigray to assist Ethiopian forces. 

Two weeks later authorities forces take Tigray’s capital Mekele.

– 2021: ‘Ethnic cleaning’ –

In February 2021, Amnesty Worldwide says Eritrean troopers killed “a whole lot of civilians” in November within the historic metropolis of Axum. In March, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken speaks of “ethnic cleaning” in Tigray.

For months, Ethiopia and Eritrea denied the involvement of Eritrean forces however in March 2021 Abiy lastly admits their presence and promptly pronounces their departure.

– Tigrayans advance – 

The rebels retake Mekele in late June 2021, earlier than pushing into the neighbouring areas of Amhara and Afar.

Abiy is sworn in for a brand new five-year time period on October 4.

Two weeks later, Ethiopian plane launch lethal strikes on Tigray.

In late October the TPLF claims management of two key cities in Amhara — just a few hundred kilometres north of the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

– Abiy leads the battle –

On November 2, 2021, Ethiopia declares a nationwide state of emergency. 

A joint UN-Ethiopian report says crimes towards humanity could have been dedicated by “all sides”.

Abiy arrives on the frontline on November 24 to personally direct his troops in battle.

Within the first weeks of December, the federal government says it has recaptured a string of cities, together with Lalibela, a UNESCO World Heritage web site house to thirteenth century church buildings carved out of rock.

– Rebels withdraw –

In December 2021, the rebels say they’re withdrawing from Amhara and Afar and the federal government says its forces is not going to advance additional into Tigray.

The United Nations says dozens of civilians had been killed in air strikes on Tigray in late December.

ALSO READ: Ethiopian rebels name for conditional truce

– ‘Humanitarian truce’ –

In early January 2022, dozens are killed in a drone strike on a camp for displaced folks in Dedebit in northwest Tigray, the rebels say.

On March 24, the federal government declares an “indefinite humanitarian truce” to assist speed up supply of emergency assist into Tigray. The rebels conform to a cessation of hostilities.

– Massacres in Oromia –

On June 18, a whole lot of individuals belonging to the Amhara ethnic group had been killed by rebels from the Oromo Liberation Military (OLA) in Oromia area of Ethiopia, in accordance with survivors.

The OLA, which is in alliance with the TPLF, denies the assaults and blames authorities forces.

– Peace talks hopes –

In June, Abiy raises the prospect of peace talks with the TPLF and the rebels say they too are prepared to participate in a peace course of.

However the two sides fail to agree on who ought to mediate — the rebels reject the African Union’s envoy to the area  — and the federal government rejects the TPLF’s demand that fundamental companies be restored to Tigray as a precondition.

– New offensive –

On August 24, the truce falls aside as preventing resumes on Tigray’s southern border. The 2 sides blame one another.

At the very least 4 folks together with kids are killed in an air strike by Ethiopian forces on Mekele. The rebels in the meantime mount a brand new push south into Amhara and Afar.

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On Sunday, Tigrayan authorities announce they’re prepared for a ceasefire and a “sturdy peace course of” mediated by the AU.

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