After greater than a decade of instructing audio manufacturing to my faculty college students in Cairo, it lastly dawned on me that podcasts themselves can function instructing instruments that spotlight classes in Egyptian society. I realised this as a result of so lots of my feminine college students chosen feminist subjects or took feminist standpoints of their narrative nonfiction podcasts.
Although previously I’ve written about how I train audio, I’d by no means thought to give attention to the content material of my college students’ podcasts. The thought of podcasts as digital activism resonated with me, significantly from a perspective of telling actual life tales.
With twenty years of podcasting out on this planet, there’s an ever-growing variety of analysis articles about podcasting in Africa. However there’s a want for rather more tutorial evaluation, which is why my co-author Yasmeen Ebada and I designed a analysis examine to give attention to feminist-leaning podcasts and Egyptian feminine podcasters. Digital activism is, in any case, a part of the decade-old fourth wave of feminism.
We needed to learn the way the scholars adopted their data of feminism, in regards to the improvement of their feminist identities and about how podcasts have been used for digital activism. Although we targeted on 4 feminine podcasters as case research, our analysis additionally offers context about when Egyptian girls develop into conscious of cultural and societal inequities, in addition to after they start to manifest their feminist beliefs.
Feminism in Egypt
Patriarchy, which presumes that males are superior to girls, is baked into Egyptian society on all ranges – cultural, social, financial and political. Younger girls who converse out on absolutely anything for almost any cause are thought-about courageous. The repercussions might be life altering, regardless of the comparatively comfy class standing of college college students.
Feminism in Egypt is just not a brand new phenomenon. Younger Egyptians have many position fashions who span a long time of feminist activism. These vary from the activist Huda Sha’rawi – the godmother of Egyptian feminism – to creator and doctor Nawal El Saadawi, and modern feminist author Mona Eltahawy.
Nawal El Saadawi: Egypt’s grand novelist, doctor and world activist
And add to that record Nadeen Ashraf. As a university scholar, she reignited the feminist activist flame in the summertime of 2020 in Egypt. She used Instagram to doc the sexual harassment and assault instances of a predator. Her case garnered worldwide consideration and prompted authorities to react swiftly.
Our analysis was constructed on a pattern of 4 publicly out there podcasts produced by feminine college students at The American College in Cairo, the place I’ve taught since 2009. We took a qualitative crucial evaluation method to look at narration, sound bites from interviews, music and different podcast manufacturing parts.
The feminist id improvement mannequin was match for the analysis venture because it allowed us to higher perceive our podcasters’ data of feminism and their intention to pick a socio-cultural subject for his or her podcast. The mannequin covers a five-step course of from passive acceptance to energetic dedication.
Feminist pedagogy (the strategy and follow of instructing) contains encouragement by means of professor and peer-led discussions. This enabled the podcasters to provocatively dissect conventional gender and socio-cultural norms.
Among the many subjects of the narrative nonfiction podcast episodes have been tales of household involvement in matchmaking to get younger girls married right into a well-off household. One other podcast addressed girls’s participation within the 2011 Egyptian revolution.
Our podcasters embodied various feminist views, displaying multi-dimensional feminist origins. These included black, western and post-colonial feminist views. Their lived experiences are a welcome contribution to the Egyptian digital sphere as they supply a counter-narrative to conventional patriarchal norms.
The podcasters additionally absolutely exhibited using podcast affordances – reminiscent of sound and music, in addition to tone, inflection and different nuances in supply and narration – to complement their nonfiction tales. Components of storytelling power have been included in our evaluation, specializing in the narrative and viewers engagement. These are additionally a few of the guiding standards for RadioDoc Overview, which affords critiques of audio content material.
Why this issues
We discovered that our Egyptian feminine podcasters utilised a number of feminist beliefs of their podcasts. This analysis demonstrates the ability of podcasts as a instrument for digital activism. Talking about their experiences and opinions permits younger Egyptian girls to train an in any other case muted voice in society. Podcasts are a car for this.
The restrictions of this analysis is that our podcasters have been largely from the identical social class and had a excessive degree of training. A extra various pool of podcasters can be best for future analysis on this subject.
The rising area of podcast research will proceed to start a wealth of insights about African society. As educators and students, we strongly encourage younger African students not simply to have interaction with analysis output on podcasting in Africa. They need to additionally actively hunt down collaborators and alternatives to globally amplify the work of the African podcast group.