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Wednesday, September 7, 2022

Samia: How Tanzania used IMF, AfDB loans to improve livelihoods

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By The East African

President Samia Suluhu Hassan has defended her utilization of loans from multilateral lenders, telling an viewers in Accra that the establishments had been her nation’s lifeline within the Covid-19 pandemic.

Samia, showing on a panel alongside Presidents of Ghana, Mozambique and the Comoros, mentioned the loans obtained from the Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) and the African Improvement Fund (AfDB) helped her stabilise the economic system, enhance the standard of studying setting and broaden the attain of fresh water provide.

“With the help of the AfDB and different multilateral lenders, I’ve carried out effectively,” she instructed an viewers on Tuesday in the course of the Presidential Dialogue on Africa’s Improvement challenges and alternatives, a part of the Annual Conferences of the AfDB this 12 months in Ghana.

Covid funds

“As a result of Covid-19, IMF gave us some cash as financial bailout. A lot of the international locations used that cash for buying sanitisers and people [other] gadgets wanted to battle Covid-19. However for me, I assumed Covid-19 meant decongestion of scholars within the classroom.

“[We] had 100-120 pupils in a single classroom. I’ve been capable of decongest them and now I’ve 45-50 pupils in a single classroom. I assumed Covid-19 means availability of water, I’ve taken that cash and used it for supplying clear and secure water to most components of my nation. After I got here in, availability of water was 72 % and I’ve moved it near 80 %. I’m anticipating, in 2025, it will likely be 95 % in city areas and 85 % in villages.”


Tanzania, like a number of African international locations, was hit onerous by the Covid-19 pandemic. Tanzania’s economic system shrunk from 6.8 % development to 4 % after Covid-19, though the nation, in contrast to its neighbours, didn’t go on a lockdown and didn’t initially order obligatory masks carrying, nor faucet into vaccines.

However after Samia was sworn in as president in March final 12 months following the demise of her predecessor John Pombe Magufuli, she made modifications, together with calling for residents to take up preventive measures, resembling masks carrying and hand hygiene, to curb the unfold of Covid-19.

Nonetheless, the nation drew advantages from multilateral lenders eager to help a response to Covid-19.

Covid response

Below the Disaster Response Funds Help Programme, the AfDB disbursed $50.7 million mortgage in 2020 to help response measures, together with strengthening well being methods and emergency responses.

And after President Samia got here to energy in March 2021 and Tanzania agreed to share information on Covid-19, in addition to coordinate response with worldwide our bodies, the IMF Govt Board accredited a $265.2 million in Particular Drawing Rights (SDRs), equal to about $372.4 million. Given below the Fast Credit score Facility (RCF), the cash was meant to help Tanzania’s stability of funds because the nation confronted a scarcity of revenues.

The IMF mentioned on the time that the cash was additionally to assist catalyse help from growth companions to help Tanzania, if it strengthens governance and transparency across the pandemic.

“I’ve additionally used that cash for well being. Covid-19 means treating individuals on the stage of villages. So I’ve constructed about 350 well being centres utilizing that cash plus fashionable gear,” President Samia instructed the viewers, throughout a panel dialogue that included Ghana’s President Nana Akufo-Addo, Mozambican chief Felipe Nyusi and Comoros President Azali Assoumani (who appeared nearly).

It additionally included Ivorian Vice President Tiémoko Meyliet Koné and Prime Minister of Rwanda, Mr Édouard Ngirente.


The Presidentr, visiting West Africa for the primary time since she took energy in March 2021, was responding to a query on challenges confronted in her one 12 months of management. She mentioned she needed to earn the belief of Tanzanians as the primary feminine president.

“I needed to show to them that I may do it, that ladies may do it. I believe in the midst of one 12 months, I’ve confirmed that ladies can do it. I’ve led the nation in the identical means that males did and in some circumstances higher than males did.”

In the course of the session, she hinted that she would maintain going again to the lenders because the nation targets essential infrastructure like airports, ports, roads and an expanded nationwide airline.

“Now we have to lift our voice to the multilateral lenders to permit AfDB to entry the SDRs as a result of these are going to learn Africa,” she mentioned, voicing help for AfDB’s name to have SDRs reallocated to Africa for international locations to learn immediately.

President Samia is that this 12 months’s recipient of the Africa Highway Builders–Babacar Ndiaye Trophy, an annual prize sponsored by the African Improvement Financial institution (AfDB), and organised by Acturoutes – an data platform on infrastructure and roads in Africa, in addition to the Media for Infrastructure and Finance in Africa (MIFA) – a community of African journalists specialising in street infrastructure. In accordance with AfDB, the prize is awarded to main figures in Africa who’ve demonstrated their dedication to the event of transport infrastructure on the continent.

Her journey additionally comes because the continent discusses know-how to spice up vitality investments and cope with the continuous disaster of meals scarcity. The Financial institution’s theme this 12 months is on local weather resilience and a simply vitality transition.

By Aggrey Mutambo

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