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The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London

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Don’t Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London

You’ve most likely heard of Stonehenge, the circle of enormous stones in Wiltshire, South-west England. However who constructed it? Who visited it? What was its true goal?

These are simply among the mysteries that the curators of the fascinating momentary exhibition “The World of Stonehenge” within the British Museum in London have sought to reply about this portal to our prehistoric previous.

I hope you get the possibility to go to the exhibition whereas nonetheless on show, in any other case, you may get pleasure from a recap of the tales and a few of my favorite objects on show on this weblog, in addition to my space-themed web site “The House Tester”.

QUICK LINKS

What’s the Nebra Sky Disc?

The Nebra Sky Disk in Germany (Nebra Ark Overview)

Arche Nebra Himmelsscheibe Museum (Nebra Ark Stroll-By way of)

The Nebra Sky Disk on the British Museum (Exhibition Overview)

Mission Cosmic Kiss Meets Nebra Sky Disk Onboard ISS

Visiting Stonehenge from London

PREVIEW VIDEO

Who have been the individuals of Stonehenge? Curators Jennifer Wexler and Neil Wilkin take you on a tour of their British Museum exhibition The world of Stonehenge, to introduce you to some unimaginable people who constructed and lived across the time of the monument.

ENTER THE WORLD OF STONEHENGE

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

THE WORLD OF STONEHENGE – WHAT TO EXPECT?


Stonehenge was constructed someplace between 5000 and 3500 years in the past as a particular place the place individuals got here collectively. Lately, the construction helps us to study extra concerning the historical past of this area, in addition to perceive extra concerning the lives of the individuals who lived and visited right here.

We all know that Stonehenge was certainly one of many essential ceremonial monuments constructed throughout Britain, Eire and continental Europe throughout prehistory. Within the exhibition, you discover narratives of connectivity, trade, mobility and migration, by tales and objects that present the basic modifications in peoples’ relationships with the sky, nature and each other by the ages.

The exhibition is supported by bp and organised with the State Museum of Prehistory, Halle/Saale, Germany and consists of 430 artefacts from throughout Europe, many by no means seen within the UK earlier than, quick video illustrations (with textual content on display), atmospheric music, and plenty of data based mostly on latest archaeological and scientific work.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

Be a part of curators Dr Neil Wilkin and Dr Jennifer Wexler for an introduction to the exhibition
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

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The Journey Tester likes to assessment excursions and actions all around the globe that can assist you determine if it is going to be nice in your subsequent journey.

From the principle vacationer points of interest to bucket listing experiences and from guided walks or drives to self-guided visits of historic locations, interactive museums, viewpoints, native occasions and rather more. If it seems to be fascinating to us, we’ll check it!
Irrespective of the place you’re going, with our evaluations you’ll know precisely the place to discover a memorable exercise to take part in.

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THE REASON FOR MY VISIT


One of many foremost causes that made me determine to go to this exhibition was the show of the blue- and bronze Nebra Sky Disk, up to now the oldest illustration of our cosmos, made about 3600 years in the past.

Just a few years in the past, I visited the Nebra Sky Disk Museum within the small city of Wangen (within the Saxony-Anhalt area of Germany) and discovered extra concerning the story of this essential archaeological discover.

The precise disk wasn’t on show on the data centre, so you may think about how excited I used to be to get this opportunity to lastly see it up and shut in London!

Extra concerning the disk later on this article, first again to the start. Actually.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Pottery, close to Ayton Moor, North Yorkshire, 1800-1500 BC

WALK-THROUGH THE WORLD OF STONEHENGE EXHIBITION BRITISH MUSEUM


PART I – A CHANGING RELATIONSHIP

The exhibition is split into themed sections, following a timeline from about 6000 to 2800 years in the past that tells the story of Stonehenge and the individuals interacting with the sacred monument.

You begin on the part referred to as “Working with nature” (about 6000 years in the past), the place you may see how communities in Britain redefined their relationship with nature going from searching and gathering to a farming way of life of migrant communities from the continent.

Amongst all of the modifications, monuments have been raised to indicate possession of land and declare particular locations, for the primary time. Stone, wooden and clay objects have been each instruments and symbols of this new relationship between individuals and nature.

The centre of the idea system that constructed Stonehenge was the solar and in one of many first stars (pun meant) of the present – an excellent standing stone from Italy – you may see it depicted in a scratching.

The iconography and symbols of solar worship come again in varied objects additional within the exhibition.

PART II – CONNECTIONS THROUGH ART

Within the subsequent part, referred to as “Sermons in stone” (round 5000 years in the past), you may find out how communities throughout Britain and Eire created long-distance connections by a brand new fashion of artwork.

Spirals, circles and geometric patterns have been utilized to tombs, home interiors, open-air rocks and objects. This new artwork fashion coincided with a flourishing of monument constructing at places throughout Britain and Eire.

The structure and imagery drew collectively massive numbers of individuals in works of collaboration and creativity.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

VIDEO – Impressed by Stonehenge and its World

Stonehenge’s construction and temper have impressed the nice artists of British Romanticism. Discover how and why Stonehenge and its world have stimulated inventive and literary responses, as much as at present.

PART III – THE STORY OF STONEHENGE

The story of Stonehenge additionally begins round this time. The monument’s builders marked out the sacred floor by digging a ditch and throwing up rubble to kind the outer encircling financial institution of the henge. Inside, they raised a circle of giant noticed dolerite ‘bluestone’ boulders, moved 350 kilometres from the Preseli Hills in Wales.

This Stonehenge was a cemetery for the cremated stays of between 150 and 200 individuals. Chemical evaluation means that a number of lived and died in west Wales earlier than their stays have been interred throughout the monument.

Aside from this web site, the broader panorama was used for non secular devotion by farming communities. Observations of the solar performed a job even at this early stage. A monument often called a cursus was constructed with glistening white chalk sides stretching for 3 kilometres east to west, enshrining processions and the solar’s passage.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London 72
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
These oxen have been buried with a picket cart. They may have been a present to the spirit world to ensure life was good.

PART IV – ORKNEY

Round 5500 years in the past, Orkney (Scotland) grew to become a centre of cultural innovation. Its excellent tomb and settlement structure are among the many most spectacular in historical Europe.

Communities in Orkney constructed henges and developed a brand new sort of pottery referred to as “Grooved Ware”, utilized in ceremonial feasts. Each concepts, and the non secular ethos they represented, have been adopted by teams all through Britain and Eire.

A few of the groundbreaking discoveries made throughout Orkney are proven on the exhibition for the primary time!

PART V – SEAHENGE

Have you ever ever heard of “Seahenge”? This wooden monument was erected by the shore in Norfolk in 2049 BC, round 500 years after the principle development of Stonehenge.

The picket circle consisting of 55 oak posts and an upturned tree trunk within the centre was coated in sand and peat till it re-emerged on a seashore in Norfolk in 1998.

On the exhibition, you may rise up and shut with among the posts and see an nearly holographic show of the tree trunk. You may as well hear recordings made on the north Norfork coast, composed by sound artist Rob St. John in collaboration with artist and archaeologist Rose Ferraby.

That is the primary time Seahenge has ever gone on mortgage (from the Lynn Museum in King’s Lynn, Norfolk).

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

PART VI – STONEHENGE & LIFESTYLE

As you may know, Stonehenge and different monuments within the British panorama are precisely aligned to the dawn on the winter solstice. Many individuals would (and nonetheless do) collect there on the daybreak of the shortest day to propitiate the solar to resume their crops.

About 4600 years in the past, the communities who worshipped at Stonehenge settled at Durrington Partitions, an enormous monument encompassing two timber circles and many homes. From right here, pilgrims launched into a choreographed route, by boat alongside the River Avon after which by foot, to reach at Stonehenge. The timber circles at Durrington Partitions and close by Woodhenge have been alined on the summer season and winter solstices.

The distinction between these monuments and Stonehenge might replicate contrasting symbolic domains – perishable wooden for the residing and everlasting stone for the ancestors.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Over 400 carved stone balls are identified, principally from japanese Scotland. Their types are the results of design decisions that, at every stage, unlocked new potentialities for options or ornament. This course of allowed their makers to precise particular person creativity whereas being a part of a shared inventive custom.
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

VIDEO – Historical DNA within the time of Stonehenge

What can historical DNA inform us about how individuals lived within the time of Stonehenge? From weight loss plan to migration, the research of historical DNA is offering new details about the lives of these within the Stonehenge panorama and past.

PART VII – PRECIOUS METALS

We’re at about 4500 years in the past now, within the part referred to as “Making steel”.

You’ll be able to most likely think about how the transformation of stone right into a molten steel that may very well be forged into new types was a dramatic, and even magical, occasion for individuals at the moment in historical past.

Moreover magic, it additionally enabled vital improvements in carpentry, joinery and boat constructing, since steel may very well be recycled and reshaped into objects reminiscent of copper and bronze axes.

Stonehenge took its well-known kind round this time. Greater than 80 large sarsen stones, every requiring a minimum of 1000 individuals to move, have been introduced 25 kilometres from their supply. This effort required unprecedented communal labour, endurance and planning. It took generations to finish.

The constructing of the processional routeway, the Avenue, about 4400 years in the past confirmed Stonehenge’s sacred standing.

Stonehenge continued to be a spot the place the solar’s course was noticed and celebrated for tons of of years. Nevertheless, few monuments with photo voltaic significance have been constructed within the centuries that adopted. over time, symbolism, and even solstice positions have been inscribed on transportable steel objects.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
The sarsens raised at Stonehenge enshrined an essential solstice alignment throughout the material of the monument. The axis of the stones at its centre marked the place of the rising midsummer and setting midwinter solar.

PART IIX – GOLD LIKE THE SUN

As we transfer to the part “Beneath One Sky”, the significance (and wonder) of our Earth’s valuable metals turns into much more apparent. Gold ornaments had the flexibility to replicate and maybe even harness the ability of the solar, making certain wellbeing throughout the seasons, or so individuals thought again then.

The introduction of steel to Britain and Eire round 4300 years in the past enabled cosmological beliefs represented by Stonehenge and different monuments into a variety of transportable objects, a few of them on show on this part of the exhibition.

The impression of this was nice as earlier than there have been solely mounted monuments to watch and worship the solar at set occasions of the yr – and now you could possibly have your individual private connection to the heavens above by holding and even sporting its illustration in particular person.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
These sheet-gold neck collars are identified by the Latin phrase ‘lunulae’, which means little moons, owing to their crescent form. Hammered wafer-thin, their edges are adorned however the central space is deliberately plain and polished to a mirror-like shine, reflecting gentle to create a blinding impact.
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
These gold hats are among the many most spectacular objects from this era. Knowledgeable craft staff hammered out, formed and adorned each inch with cosmological symbols together with circles, photo voltaic wheels and even a sun-like starburst. The tallest identified instance is 88cm!
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Serving as headgear throughout ceremonies or rituals, they maybe imbued the wearer with divine or otherworldly standing. Rigorously buried alone or accompanied by axes, relatively than interred with the deceased, it appears they have been held in belief for the neighborhood.
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

PART IX – THE NEBRA SKY DISK

And there it lastly is: the Nebra Sky Disk in all her glory. On this beautiful map of the evening sky, you may see the Pleiades (Seven Sisters) twinkle between the solar and a crescent moon – and the way lovely it’s!

You’ll be able to learn extra concerning the Sky Disk on our weblog “The House Tester”. For instance, discover out right here what the Nebra Sky Disc is strictly and why it’s so essential, go to the Nebra Sky Disk Museum in Germany with me (+ a extra in-depth report of the Arche Nebra Himmelsscheibe Museum right here), discover extra data and photographs of the Nebra Sky Disk on the British Museum or learn how ESA’s Mission Cosmic Kiss met the Nebra Sky Disk Onboard the ISS.

I can extremely suggest studying up concerning the historical past of the Sky Disc as a result of the story about how the invention was made is kind of thrilling!

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
This hoard of bronze objects, not too long ago found in Denmark, presents perception into the complicated mythology of the solar cycle. (Kallerup, Thy, Jutland, Denmark, 1200–1000 BC)

PART X – A SUN CULT

The looks of latest objects and symbols about 3500 years in the past reveals {that a} extra complicated mannequin of the cosmos was creating.

Throughout Scandinavia, the solar, horse and ship have been the topics of non secular imagery. In central Europe, two water birds linked by a boat-shaped physique beneath a solar grew to become an essential motif.

Gold discs grew to become symbols of a solar cult, marking out a believer or pilgrim getting back from websites like Stonehenge.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
The cruciform motif might symbolize the 4 arms of sunshine seen at dawn and sundown.
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Gold cups with photo voltaic motifs, and an bronze amphora bearing the bird-sun-boat design, Mariesminde Mose, Funen Island, Denmark (about 1000–700 BC)

PART XI – BURIAL MOUNDS

Within the part “Elevating the lifeless”, I study that from about 4500 years in the past, burying individuals with valued objects on sacred land grew to become the dominant means of expressing cultural and non secular which means throughout Britain and Europe. At Stonehenge, tons of of burial mounds have been raised for the illustrious lifeless.

The objects that mourners chosen for the grave ready souls for all times past this world. They have been markers of non-public identification, ethnicity and success, however additionally they expressed hopes, needs, failed ambitions and long-distance pilgrimages.

New scientific research allow us to hint the tales, genetic relationships and actions of individuals by time, as they grew to become established lineages. Rows of burial mounds have been bodily manifestations of household timber.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
A person was honoured with distinctive grave items together with metalworking instruments, daggers from Spain and distinctive gold hair ornaments. Evaluation of his bones revealed that he grew up close to the Alps and was buried near Stonehenge quickly after the sarsen stones have been raised. He is called the “Amesbury Archer”.

PART X – SUCCESS AND POWER

Exceptional and unique objects have been positioned within the graves of well-connected leaders from southern England, northern France and Germany between about 4000 and 3600 years in the past. The journeys made by these individuals and their ambassadors have been marked by the trade of presents within the shadow of monuments like Stonehenge.

What was the premise of success and energy throughout this period? The grave items recommend cosmologically and spiritually-minded individuals who held positions bestowed upon them by their communities.

By about 3700 years in the past, Stonehenge fashioned the guts of the densest focus of burial mounds in Britain, together with among the richest in Europe. The emphasis had shifted from constructing communal monuments to elevating mounds in cemeteries that staked claims to land, historical past and kinship.

The continental European custom of putting steel objects in hoards with out our bodies started in southern England round this time. The Stonehenge sarsens have been inscribed with carvings of those new, treasured, objects. This daring act might have bordered on iconoclasm.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Inspiring questions all through The World of Stonehenge British Museum

VIDEO – Connections throughout Britain and Eire in the course of the age of Stonehenge

The time of Stonehenge was a interval of many bizarre, fantastic and other-worldly locations. How we take into consideration every day life and the lived expertise of the individuals behind these monumental locations is likely one of the most urgent analysis questions for this era.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Among the many earliest human sculptures in Europe, these statues have been raised exterior tombs within the Alpine foothills. This fragment was reworked to indicate the setting or rising solar earlier than being constructed into the wall of a tomb. The solar’s outstanding placement displays its enduring symbolic significance.
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

PART XI – TO THE SEA

About 3500 years in the past, the affect of the Stonehenge area started to wane. Communities on the south coast of England regarded to social and political relationships in continental Europe, which was changing into an more and more essential supply of precious bronze.

As these continental connections elevated, European steel and unique items started to circulation throughout the North Sea and the English Channel.

As new kinds of objects emerged, so too did new concepts about providing valuable objects to repay or search safety from nature or ancestral spirits. This challenged older non secular beliefs and the function of monuments like Stonehenge.

PART XII – STONEHENGE UNSETTLED

The arrival of the Beaker-using individuals was a watershed second on this planet of Stonehenge. Though it’s doable that among the first newcomers assisted or impressed the nice achievements in stone, it’s also clear that that they had completely different priorities and beliefs.

Fragments of bluestone discovered on the web site from round this time recommend that the monument was being reworked and even vandalised. Elsewhere, henges have been being damaged up and dismantled. Monument buildings slowed dramatically as dying and the afterlife grew to become dominant cultural issues.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester

PART XIII – THE RISE OF WARFARE

Mounting pressures brought on by the growth of commerce networks and new land divisions gave rise to warfare throughout northwest Europe round 3300 years in the past. Skirmishes, raids and enormous clashes of educated warriors grew to become a grim reality of life.

The ceremonial roles that monuments and burials performed have been now partly transferred to new arenas of violence and the dramatic destruction of precious possessions. Harm was wrought to each our bodies and objects, together with frequent ritual deposition of metalwork in watery places, maybe as symbolic killings.

Atlantic sea routes linked the ocean-facing communities of Europe, offering a significant community wherein individuals, applied sciences and objects might transfer.

Regardless of violence and uncertainty, elevated connectivity resulted in new social and cultural relations being solid 3000 years in the past.

Reward-giving and feasting grew to become essential, offering the perfect setting for relationships between allies or feuding enemies to be settled or confirmed. Related by water, individuals continued to stay dynamic and resilient lives regardless of the tumultuous and altering occasions.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
This astonishing 70L cauldron (River Thames, Battersea, London, 800-600 BC) was riveted from sheets of bronze and repaired quite a few occasions. It might boil sufficient meat to feed a sizeable gathering of mates or potential foes.

VIDEO – Residing on Water within the World of Stonehenge

Discover the idea of ‘residing on water’ all through the interval coated by The world of Stonehenge exhibition. Highlighting latest excavations and analysis from throughout this sweep of time at a variety of key water’s edge websites, together with the internationally well-known settlements at Star Carr and Should Farm, a panel of consultants will think about what made these places enticing to individuals and what advantages they introduced.

PART XIV – THE LAST OF THE LIGHT

By 2800 years in the past, the world of Stonehenge had modified. The stone circles nonetheless utilized in elements of Britain and Eire not attracted massive gatherings. European commerce networks carrying ritually-charged objects and supplies broke down.

This decline occurred as climatic and environmental change undermined social and financial confidence. The outcome was the tip of the period charted by this exhibition.

Stonehenge stands not for a panorama, area and even nation, however for the generations of people that have made which means from an everlasting place in a altering world.

Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
This gold pendant (Shropshire marches, about 1000-800 BC) was forged into the sky earlier than it sank into the gloom of a pool dotted with water lilies. As a result of alternating instructions wherein the ornament was incised, the solar picture gathers and shimmers with mirrored gentle. These motifs had been utilized by over 60 generations of goldsmiths by the point it was made. The providing was a tough sacrifice maybe made to confront uncertainties in a interval of main environmental and social change.
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
A number of solar pendants are identified from Eire, together with this nice instance (Bathroom of Allen, Co. Kildare, Republic of Eire, about 1000-800 BC). They’re typically referred to as by the Latin phrase ‘bulla’, which means bubble, due to the skinny, shimmering partitions and hole inside. Comparable pendants containing substances to guard the younger are identified from northern Italy, from across the identical time. The custom was later adopted by the Romans. It presents a glimpse of long-distance connectivity with an rising European superpower, and of the longer term.
Don't Miss: The World of Stonehenge Exhibition British Museum London || The Travel Tester
I hope you loved this walk-through of me visiting the British Museum Stonehenge exhibition 2022!!

VIDEO – New scientific discoveries: reinterpreting Stonehenge

Uncover the most recent analysis on the world-famous monument with main consultants on Stonehenge. Hear about fascinating discoveries from the previous couple of years, and the way excavations have revealed new particulars which have prompted reinterpretations of the ceremonial and non secular function the traditional stone circle has performed.

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STONEHENGE EXHIBITION: PRACTICAL INFORMATION


PLANNING YOUR VISIT

Exhibition: The world of Stonehenge
Location: The British Museum, Nice Russell St, London WC1B 3DG, United Kingdom
Dates: 17 February – 17 July 2022
Entry Price: 20 GBP (adults) / 18 GBP (pupil, 16-18 years, disabled) / Free (beneath 16 years, disabled particular person’s assistant)

Web site: britishmuseum.org

Exhibition Information: The World of Stonehenge E book from amazon.com or britishmuseumshoponline.org

VISIT STONEHENGE IN ENGLAND

Couldn’t see Stonehenge on the British Museum? Or excited to see it in particular person? Plan your journey to Stonehenge in Salisbury, England with assist of The Journey Tester!

Ensure that to learn our prolonged article on visiting Stonehenge from London. Right here you’ll discover all the pieces you might want to find out about transport choices, entry charges, opening occasions and rather more!

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