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Warming Africa threatens insurers’ quest for profit

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Logs of wooden float on the Lagos lagoon close to the Makoko riverine slum, in Lagos, Nigeria February 27, 2022. Image taken February 27, 2022. REUTERS/Temilade Adelaja

JOHANNESBURG, June 9 (Reuters) – The world’s largest insurers are increasing in Africa, seeking to faucet progress promised by a rising inhabitants and center class, however local weather change may complicate their quest for income.

With Western markets overcrowded, the continent offers a uncommon probability to develop.

In the US, insurance coverage premiums, together with life, and basic insurance coverage, make up the equal of 12% of financial output or gross home product, in line with Swiss Re. That’s roughly 4 instances the extent throughout Africa, primarily based on African Insurance coverage Organisation estimates for 2019.

Nonetheless, the area faces among the quickest warming globally.

Temperatures in southern Africa rose at twice the worldwide charge on common within the 5 years main as much as 2019, in line with a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Local weather Change.

But insurers are undeterred, with some seeking to increase even in weak territories.

International reinsurer Swiss Re SRENH.S desires to push additional into Nigeria, together with the key metropolis Lagos, the place sea surges already threaten costly actual property and poor slums. It’s in talks with regulators there to alter the foundations to permit overseas reinsurance corporations to write down extra enterprise.

Peer Scor SCOR.PA desires to construct up in agriculture – a sector extremely weak to excessive climate.

Different main African banks and insurers together with Normal Financial institution SBKJ.J, Absa ABGJ.J and Sanlam SLMJ.J have additionally put increasing into African markets on the core of their methods.

This may expose their portfolios to ever extra local weather danger. The businesses stated there have been a number of methods to mitigate this, together with working with shoppers to scale back the dangers they face.


Low ranges of banking and insurance coverage uptake among the many continent’s younger, quickly rising and more and more rich inhabitants imply Africa is seen as among the many most engaging, untapped monetary providers markets on this planet.

Earlier than COVID-19, Africa’s insurance coverage market was anticipated to develop at compound annual progress charges of seven% per yr between 2020 and 2025 – practically twice as quick as predictions for North America, thrice that of Europe and higher than Asia’s predicted 7%, in line with McKinsey.

Insurers are already counting the price of local weather change elsewhere. In wildfire sizzling spots akin to California, they’ve pulled out of offering cowl. Learn full story

However in Africa, the present low ranges of penetration imply that large financial losses from weather-related disasters don’t but mirror in credit score and insurance coverage portfolios.

For international reinsurers, build up on the continent is due to this fact a technique to diversify their portfolio, and hedge the local weather dangers they face elsewhere, Scor and Swiss Re stated.

“A flood in Lagos or drought in Kenya haven’t any correlation with a tsunami in Japan,” stated Swiss Re’s market government for Africa and the Center East, Beat Strebel. This implies losses in a single territory could be offset with premium earnings from one other.

With the continent accounting for such a small a part of its international enterprise, the reinsurer had ample room to develop for many years, he stated.

In Nigeria, for example, the place floods prompted enormous financial losses, property and casualty insurance coverage penetration stands at simply 0.3% of gross home product, he stated.

Strebel pointed to the significance of modern merchandise akin to parametric insurance coverage, which Scor additionally stated can be key.

Parametric merchandise use a single information level to set off payouts, avoiding expensive visits by loss adjusters.

Scor is operating a number of pilot tasks on the continent in agricultural parametric insurance coverage which may see it enter new sub-Saharan African markets if profitable.

Nonetheless, insurers can run into hassle.

The Kenya Livestock Insurance coverage Programme (KLIP) is among the most outstanding parametric schemes, profitable reward for paying out to tens of 1000’s of smallholder farmers when their livestock died from drought.

The federal government subsidised premiums to make it work. However Swiss Re, its major reinsurance backer, racked up years of losses on the programme when droughts have been extra extreme than it anticipated.

In 2018, it instructed the Kenyan authorities it must rework the KLIP to make it extra sustainable, by decreasing how regularly it needed to make the utmost total payout, the scheme’s high official Richard Kyuma instructed Reuters.

Getting estimations of local weather danger proper will not be simple, stated McKinsey companion Antonio Grimaldi, particularly relating to its second-order results on individuals’s willingness to reside and work in an affected space. African banks and insurers have been first to just accept it’s one thing they’re but to totally grasp.

“Local weather danger is like peeling an onion, however the layers by no means finish,” stated Wendy Dobson of Normal Financial institution. “Simply once we suppose we perceive it we realise we don’t.”

(Reporting by Emma Rumney; further reporting by Carolyn Cohn in London and Duncan Miriri in Nairobi; modifying by John O’Donnell and Emelia Sithole-Matarise)

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