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Wednesday, December 7, 2022

‘We’ve forgotten about the rain.’ Water management project brings relief from flooding in Yaounde, Cameroon’s capital | African Development Bank

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Florence Latila remembers the destruction that flooding prompted in Yaounde, the Cameroonian capital for over three many years from 1980.

“When it rained, the water may attain my waistline. It was not potential to entry the world to work on many days,” Latila stated.

About 2.8 million of the nation’s 26 million inhabitants reside in Yaoundé. Over 130 floods struck the capital between 1980 and 2014, leading to deaths and financial injury.

Latila, a 42-year-old warehouse employee, has been working within the Mfoundi Marketplace for over 10 years. Prior to now, flooding was frequent on this space.

In downtown Yaoundé, Avenue Kennedy and Mfoundi Market had been severely affected by flooding in 2018 and 2019, following the exceptionally heavy rains and the clogging of canals by largely plastics and tyres.

“When water was coming, it will convey all of the dust. We spent a variety of time cleansing after each flood. Entry for folks, vehicles and parking was very troublesome. Our merchandise and items had been destroyed by the floods. We needed to pull out the products rapidly. It tremendously impacted our work, income and life.”

The canal and bridge in Avenue Kennedy and Mfoundi Market of Yaoundé Metropolis, financed by the African Growth Financial institution.


Since 2005, the Authorities of Cameroon has been working to restrict floods and their affect on socio-economic circumstances within the capital, with funding from the African Growth Financial institution, the French Company for Growth and the World Setting Facility.

The Yaoundé Metropolis Sustainable Enhanced Drainage and Sanitation Challenge and the earlier Yaoundé Metropolis Sustainable Sanitation Challenge aimed to reinforce rain water administration and hygiene and make sure the harmonious integration of infrastructure.

The 17 km of canals constructed throughout the first and second phases of the venture on the watercourses that drain Yaoundé Metropolis have considerably diminished the frequency and impacts of flooding within the focused a part of town. 

“For the reason that development of the bridge, no floods have occurred within the space. The water isn’t submerging us anymore. Every little thing is sweet,” Latila stated, smiling. 

“My toes had been always within the water. And when the water was gone, it left mud, which attracted mosquitoes. We used to get sick typically.”

Prior to now, the Mfoundi River would overflow each wet season. The river, which receives approx. 80% of town’s floor water, typically burst its banks, spilling onto the encircling land.

Herve Massa, a 30-year-old worker in a fertilizer store in Mfoundi Market, stated: “The water of the river would attain the store and we misplaced loads of merchandise, creating large financial losses. If it rained within the morning, it meant that we coundn’t get any shoppers that day. There was no entry to the street when it rained. We’ve forgotten concerning the rain for the reason that works had been accomplished.”

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Herve Massa, a store worker in Yaoundé Mfoundi Market, has forgotten concerning the rain because of a venture supported by the African Growth Financial institution.


“The Yaounde Sanitation Challenge has diminished the variety of floods within the Cameroonian capital by 5 occasions (from 15 to three) however the combat in opposition to local weather change nonetheless continues,” stated Eboueme Bountsebe, Senior Water and Sanitation Specialist on the African Growth Financial institution. “On this regard, the Financial institution is actually dedicated to constructing Cameroon’s resilience to the opposed impacts of local weather change in Yaounde.”

The venture concerned the event of a flood prevention and administration plan for the Metropolis of Yaoundé, together with the development of regulation basins to cut back waterflow into the Mfoundi River, and the set up of a community of hydro-meteorological measuring tools.

Gerard Essi, the venture coordinator, stated: “Two phases of the venture have been carried out to date, aimed to enhance rainwater drainage circumstances and well being and hygiene circumstances. Subsequently, we organized a number of trainings on waste administration and local weather change but in addition on well being. In truth, we rehabilitated three district hospitals and offered medical tools to make sure higher affected person care and enhance the inhabitants’s well being.

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