West Africa: Linking Early Warning and Early Response Networks to Curb Violence in West Africa

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A battle early warning and early response (EWER) ecosystem has been creating in West Africa as multilateral organizations, governments, civil society teams, and others have established techniques that detect threats and supply important data to related authorities. But particular person EWER techniques are susceptible to a spread of failures–from gaps in information to decision-making bottlenecks to response coordination breakdowns. This report argues that linking particular person systems–a network-of-networks approach–can enhance outcomes for folks throughout West Africa and function a mannequin for different conflict-affected areas all over the world.


Most forms of violent battle in West Africa elevated between 2016 and 2021, as financial and safety challenges eroded public confidence in governance and teams competed for scarce sources. Information present will increase in violent extremism, communal violence, political violence, and felony violence; and traits point out an extra escalation over the subsequent decade, with devastating humanitarian implications.

For at the very least 10 years, many establishments and organizations in West Africa have sought to go off these patterns of violence by establishing early warning and early response (EWER) techniques on the regional, nationwide, and native ranges. These techniques are meant to supply data on battle threat to permit actors with a mandate and skill to reply to take action in a well timed method and stop the escalation or unfold of violence.

Nevertheless, every system, irrespective of how refined, ultimately encounters the identical factors of failure: gaps in information and knowledge on components contributing to battle, in addition to issues round coordination, collaboration, and circulate of important data and evaluation to these finest positioned to reply.